IELTS Listening Practice 118

 
Audio question: 
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Questions 11-22

Complete the table below.  

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

Dog Group Used to Traits Examples
Herding Herd livestock Intelligent, athletic, diligent, independent but loyal Border Collies, German Shepherds, Old English Sheepdogs
Hound Scenthounds: keen scenting ability Afghan and Basset Hounds, Beagles, Dachshunds, Whippets
Sighthounds:
Non-Sporting No longer carry out duties for which they were originally bred Range of sizes, activity levels, coat types, and , Dalmatians, Poodles
Help    Loyal and easy to Cocker Spaniels, Golden Retrievers
Terrier Dig in the ground to vermin Determined and tenacious. Airedales, Cairns, Miniature Schnauzers
Distinctive - soft underneath and wiry on top
Toy Name refers to size only Strong spirit and personalities. Chihuahuas, Italian Greyhounds, Pugs
Can dominate larger dogs, and if not trained properly
Draft dogs, hunters, and guardians Athletic, strong, courageous, and Boxers, Great Danes and Saint Bernards
 
This listening practice simulates the second section of the IELTS Listening test. Listen to the audio and answer questions 11-22.

  • library_books Audio Script

    (Section 2: You will hear a radio presenter talking about dogs. First, you will have some time to look at questions 11 to 22 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 22.)

    Radio presenter:

    Hello and welcome to today’s program. Last week we talked about everything you need to know before adding a pet cat to your family, and today, we’re turning our attention to man’s best friend – the dog.

    Selecting the right dog breed for you and your family can be a difficult decision. The first step is to understand the seven main breed groups to help narrow down your choices. These breed groups are derived from each breed’s origin and purpose and give an idea of the personality and needs of the dog, as well as its physical characteristics.

    The first group is the Herding Group. Breeds in the Herding Group have been an integral part of every country’s use of livestock, and the herding dog still retains many of the physical characteristics and instincts for this work. Herding breeds have been bred to be intelligent, athletic, and diligent and are arguably the most trainable of all breeds, making them naturals for obedience work, agility, and herding trials. Through the years, responsible breeders have perpetuated the herding dogs’ natural instincts. They have evolved into independent but loyal dogs who are happiest when at work serving their owners. As long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation, herding dogs are wonderful, devoted pets who thrive on—and demand—human companionship. Top herding breeds include Border Collies, German Shepherds and Old English Sheepdogs.

    The second group is known as the Hound Group. Hounds were used throughout ancient history to hunt animals. While times have changed and few hounds today are used for hunting purposes, this instinct remains strong in all Hound Group breeds. The hounds are divided into two subgroups: scenthounds and sighthounds. The scenting ability of the scenthound is very keen, and the eyesight of the sighthound is excellent. Both hound types were selectively bred to hunt a wide variety of animals: Sighthounds were used to find and chase down large game such as deer, elk, moose, and wild boar; small hounds used scent to chase prey into the ground; and medium-sized hounds utilized both sight and scent for smaller game like rabbits and foxes. This group includes Afghan and Basset Hounds, Beagles, Dachshunds and Whippets.

    The Non-Sporting Group is a varied collection of breeds, and comprises those dogs who no longer perform the duties for which they were originally bred. For example, the Dalmatian is no longer used to accompany horse-drawn carriages, and the Bulldog no longer functions as a bull-baiter. These breeds have all found a home in the Non-Sporting Group, which is one of the fastest-growing groups in popularity. Included are many well-known breeds that range in size, activity level, coat type, and origin, offering dog owners a choice of breeds to fit every taste. They include Bulldogs, Dalmatians and Poodles.

    The Sporting Group … From the 1600s, sporting dogs have been developed to assist hunters in finding, pointing, flushing, holding, and retrieving game. Of the three types of sporting dogs—pointers, setters, and retrievers—many still perform the duties for which they were originally bred. Their unwavering loyalty to their families and remarkable trainability have helped them to become some of the most popular breeds for families. They have not been confined to using their skills just for hunting; these talented breeds also excel as therapy dogs, assistance dogs, and search and rescue dogs. Athletic and active, they are known for their good natures and enthusiastic attitudes, but they need plenty of exercise to keep them occupied. Cocker Spaniels and Golden Retrievers are part of this group.

    Next, it’s the Terrier Group. The name “terrier” is derived from the Latin word terra, meaning “earth”—thus, the terrier is an earth dog. Terrier breeds come in all sizes. Developed especially to go to ground and burrow in the earth to chase and catch vermin like rats, foxes, badgers, weasels, and otters, the terrier was selectively bred for centuries to be a determined and tenacious dog. Some of the terriers have distinctive double coats, consisting of soft undercoats and wiry jackets that require special grooming. Many are plucked or stripped by hand, which is a time-consuming process that gives them a unique appearance.

    Top terrier breeds include Airedales, Cairns and Miniature Schnauzers.

    If you are looking for a lot of dog in a small package, a toy breed may be for you. The “toy” part of this breed’s group name refers to size only. These breeds have such spirit and strong personalities that often dominate larger dogs, and in some cases, people, if not properly trained. Many have descended from larger breeds of terriers or spaniels and still retain those inherent instincts. Others ruled the roost as prized lapdogs and royal companions. Despite their small size, they are vocal defenders of their homes and ideal pets for those with limited space. The most popular in this group include Chihuahuas, Italian Greyhounds and Pugs.

    The Working Group is the last group we’re going to look at. All domestic dogs were once bred with the purpose of serving humankind, with many breeds originally performing specific tasks for their owners. In every country, breeds were created to be draft dogs, hunters, and guardians. Many continue those duties today. The medium to very large breeds that make up the Working Group are well known for their athleticism, strength, courage, and loyalty—all attributes that have made them invaluable to the people who rely on them. Working dog enthusiasts have been concerned with retaining these breeds’ versatility and function along with form. If you can provide a working dog with a job to do, you’ll have an enthusiastic partner for life. Boxers, Great Danes and Saint Bernards are popular pets in this group.

    Now, hopefully this has given you some idea about the main groups of dog. Let’s look now at how to decide which type fits best with your lifestyle …

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Listening Script Vocabulary

(Section 2: You will hear a radio presenter talking about dogs. First, you will have some time to look at questions 11 to 22 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 22.)

Radio presenter:

Hello and welcome to today’s program. Last week we talked about everything you need to know before adding a pet cat to your family, and today, we’re turning our attention to man’s best friend – the dog.

Selecting the right dog breed for you and your family can be a difficult decision. The first step is to understand the seven main breed groups to help narrow down your choices. These breed groups are derived from each breed’s origin and purpose and give an idea of the personality and needs of the dog, as well as its physical characteristics.

The first group is the Herding Group. Breeds in the Herding Group have been an integral part of every country’s use of livestock, and the herding dog still retains many of the physical characteristics and instincts for this work. Herding breeds have been bred to be intelligent, athletic, and diligent and are arguably the most trainable of all breeds, making them naturals for obedience work, agility, and herding trials. Through the years, responsible breeders have perpetuated the herding dogs’ natural instincts. They have evolved into independent but loyal dogs who are happiest when at work serving their owners. As long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation, herding dogs are wonderful, devoted pets who thrive on—and demand—human companionship. Top herding breeds include Border Collies, German Shepherds and Old English Sheepdogs.

The second group is known as the Hound Group. Hounds were used throughout ancient history to hunt animals. While times have changed and few hounds today are used for hunting purposes, this instinct remains strong in all Hound Group breeds. The hounds are divided into two subgroups: scenthounds and sighthounds. The scenting ability of the scenthound is very keen, and the eyesight of the sighthound is excellent. Both hound types were selectively bred to hunt a wide variety of animals: Sighthounds were used to find and chase down large game such as deer, elk, moose, and wild boar; small hounds used scent to chase prey into the ground; and medium-sized hounds utilized both sight and scent for smaller game like rabbits and foxes. This group includes Afghan and Basset Hounds, Beagles, Dachshunds and Whippets.

The Non-Sporting Group is a varied collection of breeds, and comprises those dogs who no longer perform the duties for which they were originally bred. For example, the Dalmatian is no longer used to accompany horse-drawn carriages, and the Bulldog no longer functions as a bull-baiter. These breeds have all found a home in the Non-Sporting Group, which is one of the fastest-growing groups in popularity. Included are many well-known breeds that range in size, activity level, coat type, and origin, offering dog owners a choice of breeds to fit every taste. They include Bulldogs, Dalmatians and Poodles.

The Sporting Group … From the 1600s, sporting dogs have been developed to assist hunters in finding, pointing, flushing, holding, and retrieving game. Of the three types of sporting dogs—pointers, setters, and retrievers—many still perform the duties for which they were originally bred. Their unwavering loyalty to their families and remarkable trainability have helped them to become some of the most popular breeds for families. They have not been confined to using their skills just for hunting; these talented breeds also excel as therapy dogs, assistance dogs, and search and rescue dogs. Athletic and active, they are known for their good natures and enthusiastic attitudes, but they need plenty of exercise to keep them occupied. Cocker Spaniels and Golden Retrievers are part of this group.

Next, it’s the Terrier Group. The name “terrier” is derived from the Latin word terra, meaning “earth”—thus, the terrier is an earth dog. Terrier breeds come in all sizes. Developed especially to go to ground and burrow in the earth to chase and catch vermin like rats, foxes, badgers, weasels, and otters, the terrier was selectively bred for centuries to be a determined and tenacious dog. Some of the terriers have distinctive double coats, consisting of soft undercoats and wiry jackets that require special grooming. Many are plucked or stripped by hand, which is a time-consuming process that gives them a unique appearance.

Top terrier breeds include Airedales, Cairns and Miniature Schnauzers.

If you are looking for a lot of dog in a small package, a toy breed may be for you. The “toy” part of this breed’s group name refers to size only. These breeds have such spirit and strong personalities that often dominate larger dogs, and in some cases, people, if not properly trained. Many have descended from larger breeds of terriers or spaniels and still retain those inherent instincts. Others ruled the roost as prized lapdogs and royal companions. Despite their small size, they are vocal defenders of their homes and ideal pets for those with limited space. The most popular in this group include Chihuahuas, Italian Greyhounds and Pugs.

The Working Group is the last group we’re going to look at. All domestic dogs were once bred with the purpose of serving humankind, with many breeds originally performing specific tasks for their owners. In every country, breeds were created to be draft dogs, hunters, and guardians. Many continue those duties today. The medium to very large breeds that make up the Working Group are well known for their athleticism, strength, courage, and loyalty—all attributes that have made them invaluable to the people who rely on them. Working dog enthusiasts have been concerned with retaining these breeds’ versatility and function along with form. If you can provide a working dog with a job to do, you’ll have an enthusiastic partner for life. Boxers, Great Danes and Saint Bernards are popular pets in this group.

Now, hopefully this has given you some idea about the main groups of dog. Let’s look now at how to decide which type fits best with your lifestyle …

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