TOEFL® Writing Practice 168

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For this task, you will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state, explain, and support your opinion on an issue. You'll have 30 minutes to write your essay.

Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 350 words.

We recommend you practice organizing your essay for the first 5 minutes with a pen and paper like you will during your TOEFL exam.

Question: What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
Word Count: 0

Question: What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

Word Count: 0

Sample Essay

Without a doubt, the most advantageous technology of the past 100 years for my country has been the creation of the computer. We now have an endless supply of knowledge and new information available. The computer has also adapted common business practices, changing jobs for everyone. Finally, it has provided enhanced methods for interpersonal communication. The benefits of the computer are widely known and will only continue to enhance our societies well being.

With the continual advancements of computer technology, we now have the benefit of vast amounts of knowledge. Computer based encyclopedias have allowed people to store a great quantity of information in a small amount of space. The prevalence of online databases of newspaper articles, scholarly publications, or opinion editorials allows anyone to acquire information about many different topics and the differing opinions surrounding that same topic. A doctor no longer needs to scour medical texts to identify illnesses, but can gain that information through a quick search. Students can find research materials in a larger quantity and at a faster pace through the computer. The dispensation of knowledge is of unparalleled importance.

Additionally beneficial are the adaptations the computer has brought to the business or working world. Teachers can utilize computerized grade books to ensure accuracy and ease. Similarly, teachers have access to numerous sample lessons and ideas for doing their job better. Corporations are able to communicate globally with ease and streamline their processes. The computer has also created more businesses that center on the use of modern technology. Companies that provide online news, video streaming, computerized gaming, or online sales all exist only because of the computer. This technology has transformed some industries and generated entirely new ones.

Finally, the computer has enhanced our potential for communication. Through email, video chats, or instant messaging people have been able to keep in closer and greater contact over the past thirty years than ever in human history. A person thousands of miles away from their home country can maintain open contact with their loved ones through any number of computer related methods. The computer also allows people to store contact information with ease, or access new contact information while traveling. Computers have created new methods of communication that provide ease and speed.

Overall, the greatest technology to enhance my country is the creation of the computer and associated technologies. This has created an enormous forum of knowledge and intellectual sharing. At the same time it has altered the way work is done, and the types of companies that exist. Finally, it has provided alternative and easy methods for communicating. The advantages of the computer to change every aspect of life have been unparalleled in history.

Learn How to Tackle TOEFL Independent Writing - Description or Explanation Essays
Tip 1: Follow a standard TOEFL essay structure
Introductory Paragraph 1. Provide background information about the essay topic. Here are a few techniques:
  1. Begin with two sides of opinions on the essay topic
  2. Begin with the general public's opinions
  3. Introduce a fact that raises a question about the essay topic
  4. Introduce a debate on the essay topic
  5. Mention the advantage or disadvantage of a subject as a way to contrast
  6. your main opinion on the subject.

2. Write a strong thesis statement

Lesson: How to write a high-scoring TOEFL introductory paragraph part 1
Lesson: How to write a high-scoring TOEFL introductory paragraph part 2
Body Paragraph A
Body Paragraph B
Body Paragraph C (Optional)
1. Include a transition word/phrase at the beginning
2. Write a topic sentence
3. Include supporting sentences

Lesson: How to write a high-scoring TOEFL body paragraph
Conclusion Paragraph 1. Include a restatement of the thesis statement you wrote in your introduction
2. Provide a brief summary of your main ideas

Lesson: How to write a high-scoring TOEFL conclusion paragraph

There's no maximum length for your essay, but a good response is usually at least 300 words.

Tip 2: Use transition words and phrases

You need to use transition words and phrases to connect your ideas in your essay. You should have 2 transition words/phrases every 4-5 sentences.

Type of connection Transition words
These words can help you show the order of ideas. First/Second/Third
Firstly (or "First of all")/Secondly/Thirdly (or "Lastly")
For one thing/For another thing/Finally (or "Lastly")
In the first place/in the second place/Finally (or "Lastly")

Instead of "First", "First of all" and "Firstly", we can use "To begin with", "To start with", or "For starters". We can also use "First and foremost" to state that the first key point is the most important one among all key points.

Likewise, instead of "Finally" and "Lastly", we can use "Last but not least" to state that the final key point is just as important as the others, despite it being mentioned last.

These words can help you add information In addition, furthermore, additionally, also, next, moreover, what's more, on top of that
These words can help you conclude or to summarize: To sum up, in summary, in conclusion, to conclude, all in all, all things considered ,overall, taking everything into consideration, in a nutshell
These words can help you demonstrate contrast Conversely, on the contrary, by contrast, by way of contrast, on one hand/on the other hand
These words can help you compare or demonstrate similarity Similarly, likewise, by the same token, along similar lines
These words can help you state a result. As a result, as a consequence, consequently, therefore
These words can help you state a generalization. Generally, on the whole, in most cases, in general
These words can help you clarify a point. That is, in other words, to put it simply, That is to say, just to reiterate
These words can help you give examples. For example, for instance, take something, for example, to give a clear example
These words can help you state an alternative. Alternatively, as another possibility
Tip 3: Vary your sentence structure

To achieve a higher score or a perfect 5 out of 5 on the TOEFL English language criteria, you must show that you can accurately and flexibly use a variety of structures.

Lesson: Achieving sentence variety part 1
Lesson: Achieving sentence variety part 2
Lesson: Achieving sentence variety part 3
Tip 5: Vary your vocabulary

You should avoid using the same vocabulary throughout your essay. Instead, you can use synonyms or phrases that have the same meaning of words.

Here are some ways you can improve on this area:

  1. Read our sample essays and pay attention to words you are not familiar with.
  2. Utilize our TOEFL Vocabulary system
  3. Utilize our TOEFL synonyms exercises
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