adoptive star_border/adop-tive/ [ah0.d.aa1.p.t.ih0.v] play_circle_filled
Definition: (Of a child or parent) in that relationship by adoption:
- As a teenager, he had been contacted by his brother's adoptive parents and had been able to forge a new relationship with him.
albeit star_border/al-beit/ [ao0.l.b.iy1.ih0.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Although; in spite of the facts
- He was making progress, albeit rather slowly. Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.
avert star_border/avert/ [ah0.v.er1.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: turn away or aside
- Don’t you sense the way people avert their gazes while you long for them to meet your eyes?
- There's nothing new about companies averting responsibility for their workforce by shifting formal employment to subcontractors or calling workers independent contractors.
bestow star_border/be-stow/ [b.ih0.s.t.ow1] play_circle_filled
Definition: to give as a gift or to give time or effort to something
- The office was bestowed on him by the chief of state. In 1903 it was decided to bestow degrees on women, and in 1904 to establish women's scholarships.
circumvent star_border/cir-cum-vent/ [s.er2.k.ah0.m.v.eh1.n.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Find a way around (an obstacle):
- Clever strategists that we were, we decided to circumvent this problem or objection by presenting a symposium rather than submitting independent papers.
colloquial star_border/col-lo-qui-al/ [k.ah0.l.ow1.k.w.iy0.ah0.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: (Of language) used in ordinary or familiar conversation; not formal or literary
- colloquial and everyday language.
conceal star_border/con-ceal/ [k.ah0.n.s.iy1.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: prevent from being seen or discovered
- Over the past few years, He have been creating fake companies to conceal the fraudulent checks.
contentious star_border/con-tentious/ [k.ah0.n.t.eh1.n.sh.ah0.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: Causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial:
- The most contentious issue is likely to be a provision encouraging commissioners to facilitate voluntary co-operation by witness to be heard in private.
contrivance star_border/con-trivance/ [k.ah0.n.t.r.ay1.v.ah0.n.s] play_circle_filled
A contrivance can also mean a gadget or device that can be used for some particular purpose. An example sentence would be
- This modern contrivance [=devices] can cook food faster.
The word sometimes also implies a falseness or obviousness. In this case, a contrivance is an unfair or dishonest scheme or trick to gain an advantage for yourself.
contrive star_border/con-trive/ [k.ah0.n.t.r.ay1.v] play_circle_filled
When you contrive, you make a plan or a plot. Even though contrive often has a false or cunning feel to it, it is not always a bad thing. Mental effort is always required though, as contrive is often used in connection with inventing schemes and plans to make something happen.
- The prisoners contrived a way to escape.
- Native Americans contrived [=designed] weapons out of stone, wood, and bone.
copious star_border/co-pi-ous/ [k.ow1.p.iy0.ah0.s] play_circle_filled
Copious is a word to describe a large amount of something.
copious amounts of something = large/vast/immense/enormous amounts of something
- The storm produced a copious amount of rain.
- I have a copious amount of work I have to do before I can leave the office.
- She sat in the front row and took copious notes during the lecture.
- Los Angeles has a copious amount of automobiles.
counteract star_border/coun-ter-act/ [k.aw1.n.t.er0.ae2.k.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Act against (something) in order to reduce its force or neutralize it
- Unequally spaced white stripes painted across the road leading up to an off-ramp have been used to create an illusion that counteracts motion adaptation and reduces driving speed.
deadlock star_border/dead-lock/ [d.eh1.d.l.aa2.k] play_circle_filled
Use the noun deadlock to describe a standstill when two people or sides, cannot move beyond a disagreement. One example would be in a business arrangement. If you cannot get past a deadlock disagreement, you likely won’t be able to do business with the other party.
The phrase "reached a deadlock", "end in deadlock", and "break the deadlock" are often used. Here are example sentences:
- Negotiations ended in deadlock.
- They called for a compromise on all sides to break the deadlock in the world trade talks.
- Peace talks between the two sides ended in deadlock last month.
- The talks have reached a complete deadlock.
- The strike appeared to have reached a deadlock.
discrete star_border/dis-crete/ [d.ih0.s.k.r.iy1.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Individually separate and distinct
- All of these may usually be discrete and distinct domains but one key theme of this chapter is that there are also overlaps.
elude star_border/elude/ [ih0.l.uw1.d] play_circle_filled
Definition: escape, either physically or mentally
- In March, when we are antsy for all things spring yet blooms elude us, we can enjoy dried flowers from natural food and ethnic markets.
- The criminal has eluded the police for months.
engross star_border/en-gross/ [ih0.n.g.r.ow1.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: devote (oneself) fully to; consume all of one's attention or time
- The teacher's lecture engrossed the entire class.
- The hotel lobby was empty when we arrived and the sole receptionist was engrossed in her cellphone.
entrenched star_border/en-trenched/ [eh0.n.t.r.eh1.n.ch.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: (Of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained:
- In 1995, Lai founded Apple Daily, taking on Hong Kong's entrenched newspapers in a fierce price war.
expel star_border/ex-pel/ [ih0.k.s.p.eh1.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: Force out or eject (something), especially from the body
- You know how wretched it is to eat something you shouldn't have and spend the next day and a half miserably expelling it from your body
forfeit star_border/for-feit/ [f.ao1.r.f.ih0.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Lose or be deprived of (property or a right or privilege) as a penalty for wrongdoing
- Those unable to meet their taxes were liable to forfeit their property
haphazardly star_border/hap-haz-ard-ly/ [hh.ae1.f.ah0.z.er0.d.l.iy0] play_circle_filled
Definition: In a manner lacking any obvious principle of organization
- His attire will be haphazardly thrown together, but he'll still look good.
havoc star_border/hav-oc/ [hh.ae1.v.ah0.k] play_circle_filled
Definition: Widespread destruction:
- A tornado is a funnel-shaped cloud that descends on land, creating havoc and destruction in its wake.
heyday star_border/hey-day/ [hh.ey1.d.ey2] play_circle_filled
Definition: a high point of success or abundance
- You have to go back 10 years, to the heyday of Radio 1, to find a station with a bigger audience.
ideology star_border/ide-ol-o-gy/ [ay2.d.iy0.aa1.l.ah0.jh.iy0] play_circle_filled
Definition: The ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of a group, social class, or individual
- But these social ideologies were united in their underlying belief that economic progress was the way to go.
inanimate star_border/inan-i-mate/ [ih2.n.ae1.n.ah0.m.ah0.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Showing no sign of life; lifeless
- In both photographs the inanimate face is shown in three-quarter profile facing right against a blank background.
innumerable star_border/in-nu-mer-able/ [ih2.n.uw1.m.er0.ah0.b.ah0.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: Too many to be counted (often used hyperbolically)
- I sat surrounded by flowers and portraits and innumerable tributes to him.
inordinate star_border/in-or-di-nate/ [ih2.n.ao1.r.d.ah0.n.ih0.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: beyond normal limits
- The average adult human brain only weighs about three pounds, but it consumes an inordinate amount of glucose, oxygen, and blood flow.
intersperse star_border/in-ter-sperse/ [ih2.n.t.er0.s.p.er1.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: Diversify (a thing or things) with other things at intervals:
- Now, during the US war on Iraq, news from the frontlines is seamlessly interspersed with news from the stock markets.
intoxicating star_border/in-tox-i-cat-ing/ [ih2.n.t.aa1.k.s.ih0.k.ey2.t.ih0.ng] play_circle_filled
Definition: Exhilarating or exciting;(Of alcoholic drink or a drug) liable to cause intoxication.
- Refrain from intoxicating drink and drugs which lead to carelessness.
limber star_border/lim-ber/ [l.ih1.m.b.er0] play_circle_filled
Definition: to be stretched; easily shaped
- The dancers are attractive, agile, limber and fully equipped for contemporary ballet’s technical demands.
lurk star_border/lurk/ [l.er1.k] play_circle_filled
Definition: Be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something
- A grove of crotons became a magical jungle where snakes and other exotic creatures lurked, waiting to pounce.
manoeuvre star_border/ma-noeu-vre/ [no ipa available] play_circle_filled
Definition: A movement or series of moves requiring skill and care;A carefully planned or cunning scheme or action
- Snowboarders performed daring manoeuvres on precipitous slopes. It would seem a shame to turn down such a cunning manoeuvre without a compelling need.
marginalize star_border/mar-gin-al-ize/ [m.aa1.r.jh.ah0.n.ah0.l.ay2.z] play_circle_filled
Definition: Treat (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheral
- (as adjective marginalized) The term ethnic minority is often used to refer to marginalized cultural groups.
minuscule star_border/mi-nus-cule/ [m.ih1.n.ah0.s.k.y.uw2.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: very small; of little consequence
- The sale of the building had a minuscule effect on the profits of the corporation.
- To determine a planet’s mass, astronomers typically measure the minuscule movement of the star caused by the gravitational tug of an orbiting planet.
nominal star_border/nom-i-nal/ [n.aa1.m.ah0.n.ah0.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: very small; in form, but not in substance
- Electric vehicle drivers will be able to charge their cars without cost for a two-year trial period; then there will be a nominal fee.
- One rule of thumb—that nominal growth in gross domestic product is a decent guide to the 10-year bond yield—has broken down.
nuance star_border/nu-ance/ [n.uw1.aa0.n.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: A subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound:
- It's not a point of view I've ever heard before, and I may not entirely have got the subtler nuances of it.
obstruct star_border/ob-struct/ [ah0.b.s.t.r.ah1.k.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Prevent or hinder (movement or someone or something in motion)
- If protest demonstrations and rallies can be confined to select areas and organised peacefully without obstructing the free movement of others, nobody can complain.
preconception star_border/pre-con-cep-tion/ [p.r.iy0.k.ah0.n.s.eh1.p.sh.ah0.n] play_circle_filled
Definition: an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
- Our professor encouraged us to dream big about what our life could be like, and not be "boxed in" by ideologies or preconceptions about others.
- It was a lesson in the ugliness of preconceptions, the peril of jumping to conclusions.
prejudice star_border/prej-u-dice/ [p.r.eh1.jh.ah0.d.ih0.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
- Preconceived notions are prejudices about what is supposed to happen during the ritual, or the way in which the ritual must be done.
profuse star_border/pro-fuse/ [p.r.ah0.f.y.uw1.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: produced or growing in extreme abundance
- While people can certainly be allergic to eating fish, viewing their aquatic beauty should not cause profuse sneezing.
- The esteemed university was issuing profuse apologies this week after hundreds of early applicants were mistakenly informed that they had been accepted.
propaganda star_border/pro-pa-gan-da/ [p.r.aa2.p.ah0.g.ae1.n.d.ah0] play_circle_filled
Definition: Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view:
- Most blogs are a form of personal propaganda, stating views in an authoritative tone.
radiant star_border/ra-di-ant/ [r.ey1.d.iy2.ah0.n.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Sending out light; shining or glowing brightly:
- The bright light was radiant with the morning rays of red, orange, pink, and gold, reflecting brilliantly on the glasslike water.
radiate star_border/ra-di-ate/ [r.ey1.d.iy0.ey2.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Emit (energy, especially light or heat) in the form of rays or waves
- If a particle moves faster than the speed of light, it must create a shockwave, and radiate energy.
reassure star_border/re-as-sure/ [r.iy2.ah0.sh.uh1.r] play_circle_filled
Definition: Say or do something to remove the doubts and fears of (someone)
- Her smile reassures David the outfit he chose was a wise decision.
reciprocal star_border/rec-i-p-ro-cal/ [r.ih0.s.ih1.p.r.ah0.k.ah0.l] play_circle_filled
Definition: in return: in exchange or in reciprocation;
- The energy of attraction between opposite charges is reciprocally related to the distance between the charges.
resentment star_border/re-sent-ment/ [r.ih0.z.eh1.n.t.m.ah0.n.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly
- There is much poverty and anguish in the world, and it breeds resentment and envy.
rigorous star_border/rig-or-ous/ [r.ih1.g.er0.ah0.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: Extremely thorough and careful
- Her approach to film is not unlike that of photography: careful composition, rigorous planning of the frame, scrupulous attention to visual detail and regular use of a stationary camera.
rudimentary star_border/rudi-men-ta-ry/ [r.uw2.d.ah0.m.eh1.n.t.er0.iy0] play_circle_filled
Definition: Involving or limited to basic principles;Relating to an immature, undeveloped, or basic form
- A large proportion are children who have barely obtained rudimentary education and live in shacks without basic amenities. The first digit, or dew claw, is rudimentary but clawed and does not contact the ground.
sarcastic star_border/sar-cas-tic/ [s.aa0.r.k.ae1.s.t.ih0.k] play_circle_filled
Definition: Marked by or given to using irony in order to mock or convey contempt:
- How are you supposed to follow the story when you're constantly making sarcastic comments about the hammy acting.
satire star_border/satire/ [s.ae1.t.ay2.er0] play_circle_filled
Definition: The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues; A play, novel, film, or other work that uses satire
- Through humour, satire, and a range of experiments with language, the collection offers an oblique commentary on Caribbean society. The film is an incisive satire on religion and British society, with the Church of England hierarchy particularly coming in for a skewering.
skew star_border/skew/ [s.k.y.uw1] play_circle_filled
Definition: Suddenly change direction or position;Make biased or distorted in a way that is regarded as inaccurate, unfair, or misleading:
- No-one is suggesting that all science funded by company money is skewed or biased or lacking independence.
stereotype star_border/stereo-type/ [s.t.eh1.r.iy0.ow0.t.ay2.p] play_circle_filled
Definition: widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
- A person in this stage also participates in transforming racial and cultural stereotypes, biases, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors. People just do not understand the issues, or have stereotyped views of how a lesbian or gay man behaves and use it as a basis to criticise their lifestyle.
stunt star_border/stunt/ [s.t.ah1.n.t] play_circle_filled
Definition: Prevent from growing or developing properly:
- Affected children usually have stunted physical growth, as well as irreparably retarded mental development.
succumb star_border/suc-cumb/ [s.ah0.k.ah1.m] play_circle_filled
Definition: Fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force:
- Young people who feel good about themselves are less likely to succumb to negative pressure.
unearthly star_border/un-earth-ly/ [ah0.n.er1.th.l.iy0] play_circle_filled
Definition: Unnatural or mysterious, especially in a disturbing way:
- There was something strange in that moment when she looked at him, something unearthly and mysterious.
vigorous star_border/vig-or-ous/ [v.ih1.g.er0.ah0.s] play_circle_filled
Definition: Strong, healthy, and full of energy:
- The hunger I felt was the kind you could only get after using up large amounts of energy on vigorous physical activity.
- Her vigorous defense of the case impressed everyone.
wreak star_border/wreak/ [r.iy1.k] play_circle_filled
Definition: Cause (a large amount of damage or harm):
- The Category 5 storm wreaked havoc, doing more than $20 billion in damage and making it by far the costliest hurricane ever in United States history.
zenith star_border/zenith/ [z.iy1.n.ih0.th] play_circle_filled
Definition: the highest point; the point above the observer that is directly opposite the nadir on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected
- She leveraged her newfound power, bringing the country to the zenith of its post-World World II influence in Europe.
- I have a personal affection for Lincoln’s second inaugural address, and I believe it should be elevated to the zenith of presidential speeches.