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TOEFL Speaking 4 Practice 23

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In this question of the TOEFL Speaking Task 3, you'll first read a short academic article. Next, you will hear a short lecture about the same topic. You will then be asked a question about what you have read and heard. You'll have 30 seconds to prepare your answer and 60 seconds to speak.

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Read the following passage

The peak-end rule describes a theory that humans judge past experiences based upon a single high moment and the end of that event rather than judging by a sum of the event in its entirety. Whether that peak moment is good or bad, coupled with their feelings at the end of the event, determine their overall perception of an experience being pleasant or unpleasant.

Today's Topic:

topic: 
Peak-End rule
Explain Peak-End rule and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.
Explain Peak-End rule and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.
You have 30 seconds to prepare your answer.
Explain Peak-End rule and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.

You have 60 seconds to record your answer. Click the record button to begin.

Step 1: Read a passage
00:50

The peak-end rule describes a theory that humans judge past experiences based upon a single high moment and the end of that event rather than judging by a sum of the event in its entirety. Whether that peak moment is good or bad, coupled with their feelings at the end of the event, determine their overall perception of an experience being pleasant or unpleasant.

Step 2: Listen to part of a lecture

Okay! As you can see from the textbook, the Peak-End rule is a theory that describes how humans hedonically evaluate a past experience by its most intense point and its end. In other words, when we remember a particular event or experience, we don’t look at the whole picture, but instead look at its very best, worst or most intense moments. It's from those things that we evaluate the entire experience. It's like reading a story and judging it by its most exciting point and by its ending. Everything else is just white noise. That's what we do with our past experiences, whether they're good or bad.

And I know this from experience! When I think about high school I recall when my friends and I were skipping school one afternoon, got caught in a gunfight between rival gangs. I remember the security guard who patrolled the hallways and left us in stitches with his jokes. I remember a new teacher we scared off in short order. And these and other high points are what I judge years of high school by. I don't factor in the average or ordinary middle part, though they made up the bulk of the entire experience. In fact, I barely remember those! But the peaks and highlights, good and bad, and the end? Now those I remember vividly!

Step 3: Prepare your answer

Question: Explain Peak-End rule and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.


You have 30 seconds to prepare you answer


00:30
Step 4: Record your answer

Question: Explain Peak-End rule and how the example used by the professor illustrates the concept.


You have 60 seconds to speak

Sample Response 4/4

The peak-end rule is referred to in the reading passage and lecture as the way in which humans remember past experiences not by the sum total of emotions from a time, but by the peak moments, either of joy, sadness, or intensity. The professor explains the peak-end rule using her personal experience of remembering high school. Her memories of high school are associated with a time when she ditched school and was caught between a gunfight of rival gangs, the funny interactions with her school security guard, and a new teacher they were mean to. She judged and remembered high school based on those high points rather than taking into account the sum of all moments, most of which were simple non-memorable moments. The ability to judge based on the peak moments within a situation is the peak-end rule.


Key Words Found in this practice

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SAMPLE TOEFL Speaking Report

SAMPLE Score Summary
2.1 / 4
Task Fulfillment
Pronunciation & Intonation
Flow & Speech
Correct Grammar Usage
Vocabulary Usage (Appropriacy and Range)
Support & Development
SAMPLE Audio Feedback

Listen carefully to your audio feedback. The reviewer will correct your pronunciation, intonation, and flow of speech. We recommend you listen to it several times to fully understand each point and correction made by the reviewer.
SAMPLE Criteria Score Reports

Task Fulfillment   2/4

The response is mostly connected to the given task/question, but has limited ideas and explanation or some ideas that are not directly related to the task/question

Task Fulfillment is about how well you respond to the question you are given. TOEFL raters are looking for...

How to Improve

To do well on Task Fulfillment for Speaking Task 1, you first need to understand...

Pronunciation & Intonation   3/4

The response may require effort by listener at times, though speech is generally clear, with: some sound and cluster pronunciation mistakes occasional unnatural word and sentence stress occasional unnatural intonation

Pronunciation and intonation is about how you form English sounds and how you use natural English intonation. Your pronunciation and intonation can damage your score if...

How to Improve

Watch the following pronunciation video lessons to improve your pronunciation.

Vowel Video Lesson
Vowel ɪ and i ...
Vowel ɛ and æ ...
Vowel ə and ʌ ...
Vowel ɔ and ɑ ...
Vowel ʊ and u ...

Consonants Video Lesson
Consonant b and p ...
Consonant d and t ...
Consonant g and k ...
Consonant dʒ and tʃ ...
Consonant v and f ...
Consonant ð and θ ...
Consonant s and z ...
Consonant ʃ and ʒ ...
Consonant m, n and ŋ ...
Consonant l and r ...
Consonant h, w and y ...
...
...

Flow & Speech   3/4

Sustains mostly natural rhythm, though at times breaks it with unnatural linking or stress has some unnatural pausing and hesitation

Flow and speech is about how quickly you can speak and how much pausing and hesitation you use. You don’t have to speak quickly, but...

How to Improve

To improve your speech flow...

Unnatural Pauses and Hesitations Reduction Exercise

Practice any TOEFL question and record your answer. Then listen to your recording and...

Speech Pacing Exercise

An important key to earning a high score on Speech delivery is pacing in your speech. A good pacing means using proper pauses and word stresses. Here is a step-by-step exercise that can help you improve the pacing in your speech:

  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

Correct Grammar Usage   1/4

Meaning is often difficult to understand because of significant and frequent errors with:nouns verb tenses adverbs and adjectives, including some phrases word order articles, pronouns, quantifiers, prepositions gerunds, infinitives

Correct grammar usage is about how you use English grammar and sentence structure. Raters want to see...

How to Improve

Using right tenses is important in TOEFL speaking. Every time you are not sure about what tense you should use, refer to our sample answer and...

Grammar topic Lesson
All past tenses ...
Present perfect tense ...
How to talk about future using right tenses ...
Mixed Verb Tenses in English: Conditionals and IF clauses ...

Vocabulary Usage (Appropriacy and Range)   4/4

Uses generally correct word forms with only minimal errors effectively uses a wide range of words and phrases, which may include phrasal verbs and idioms includes generally accurate word choice and at times demonstrates sophistication in vocabulary

Vocabulary usage is about how you use English words. Raters are looking for responses that use...

How to Improve

To improve your vocabulary usage for task 1, practice...

We suggest you complete the following speaking tasks 1 and 2 lessons...

Support & Development   2/4

Has some relevant main ideas but not enough to be fully developed has some but not enough explanation of reasons to support the main ideas, or the explanation does not always relate directly to main ideas has some but not enough details and examples to help the listener understand the main ideas

Support and development is about...

How to Improve

To improve your support and development you have to...

A great exercise to improve note-taking is...

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