IELTS® Academic Reading Practice 33

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Species Evolution According to simple definitions, biological evolution is the process of change over time. However, mountains change over time, and biological evolution surely doesn’t apply to them. So, more aptly, biological evolution can be described in the words of Charles Darwin himself: “descent with modif...
This reading practice simulates one part of the IELTS Academic Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage and answer questions 12-26.

Questions 12-19
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage? In boxes 12-19 on your answer sheet, write

YES   if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO   if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

12. Theorists don’t all agree about how quickly evolution happens.
13. Through natural selection, organisms could branch off of each other and evolve to the point where they no longer belong to the same species.
14. James Hutton and Charles Lyell developed their theories in geology after Darwin had identified that species undergo gradual evolution.
15. The presence of irreducibly complex system supports Darwin's theory.
16. Modern technology has been used to prove that irreducibly complex systems exists
17. The belief that the complexity of the human eye could have been formed by natural selection seems highly likely.
18. The absence of intermediate forms in the fossil record clearly demonstrates that Darwin’s concept of gradualism is true.
19. The research on trilobites demonstrates clearly that punctuated equilibrium cannot be true.
Questions 20-22
Choose three letters A-F.

Write your answers in boxes 20-22 on your answer sheet.

Which THERE of the following are stated about punctuated equilibrium?
  1. It emphasizes a slow process of evolutionary change
  2. It accounts for lack of intermediate forms in the fossil record
  3. It was weakened by imperfect fossils records
  4. It proposes that change occurs in isolated populations of a species
  5. It was proposed in the 20th century
  6. It explains how genetic materials are passed on through reproduction

20
21
22
Questions 23-26
Look at the following Statements (Questions 23-26) and A list of people below.

Match each statement with the correct person.

Write the correct number A-D in boxes Questions 23-26 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.
A list of people
  1. Stephen Jay Gould
  2. Dr. Peter Sheldon of Cambridge University
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. James Hutton and Charles Lyell



23. demonstrated that the theory of punctuated equilibrium is not correct.
24. postulated that new species evolve from existing species through often imperceptible changes.
25. theorized that geologic processes that were around at the beginning of time were the same ones that were happening at the current time.
26. states that organisms remain stable until a major change causes evolutionary pressures.

Answer Sheet
1
N/A
2
N/A
3
N/A
4
N/A
5
N/A
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
10
N/A
11
N/A
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
N/A
28
N/A
29
N/A
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


Reading Passage Vocabulary
 
IELTS Academic Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.

Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.

    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Match Headings
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Sentence Completion
    Diagram Label, Summary, Note, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Match Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

IELTS Reading Question Types
 
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