IELTS® Academic Reading Practice 60

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Tourism

Section A 

Tourism, vacations, and travel are becoming more popular than ever before, although few of us today would have noticed this change. While social scientists have had considerable difficulty when attempting to explain some topics, such as work or politics, one might assume that the same would be true about studying tourism. However, there are interesting parallels between tourism and the study of deviance. This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices which happen to be defined as deviant in some societies but not necessarily in others. The assumption is that the investigation of deviance can reveal interesting and significant aspects of normal societies. It could be said that a similar analysis can be applied to tourism.

Section B

 Tourism is a leisure activity which counterbalances its opposite activity, that being regulated and organized work. It is one manifestation of how work and leisure are organized as separate and controlled spheres of social practice in modern societies. Indeed acting as a tourist is one of the defining characteristics of being “modern,” and the popular concept of tourism is that it is organized in particular places and occurs for predictable periods of time. Tourist relationships arise from a movement of people to various destinations, as well as their time staying there. Tourism involves people making a journey of some distance, followed by a period of stay in a new place or places. “The journey and the stay” are by definition outside the normal places of residence and work and are of a short-term and temporary nature, and there is a clear intention to return home within a relatively short period of time.

Section C

A substantial proportion of the population in modern society engages in such tourist practices. New socialized forms of provision have developed in order to cope with larger numbers of sightseeing tourists. Places are chosen to be visited for sightseeing because tourists fantasize and look forward to going to them. This may be either because these destinations are seen by tourists as exotic, or different from what’s normal at home, or because they are somehow uniquely impressive. Tourists’ anticipation is built and sustained by a variety of non-tourist mediums such as films, TV literature, magazines records and videos, which encourage them to daydream about far off destinations. 

Section D

Tourists tend to visit landmarks and areas that are markedly different from their everyday experiences at home. These places become popular because they are seen as being somehow extraordinary. Those visiting tourist sites often do so with a much greater sensitivity to the visual elements of a place than they would in everyday life. People will linger in areas longer to make sure they can completely take in their surroundings, and may even choose to document their experiences by writing in a diary or taking photographs. 

Section E

One of the earliest dissertations on the subject of tourism is Boorstin's 1964 analysis on “pseudo-events”, where he argues that contemporary Americans cannot experience reality directly, but instead thrive on pseudo-events. Isolated from the local people and environment, the mass tourist travels in guided groups and finds pleasure in inauthentic contrived attractions, gullibly enjoying the pseudo-events and disregarding reality. Over time, the images generated by different tourist sights come to constitute a closed self-perpetuating system of illusions which provide the tourist with the basis for selecting and evaluating potential places to visit. Such visits are made, says Boorstin, within the environmental bubble of the familiar American style hotel, which insulates the tourist from the strangeness of the foreign land.

Section F

 To service the burgeoning tourist industry, a professional industry has developed in an attempt to reproduce constant novelty for the sake of attracting tourists. How they decide to do this depends on a few factors, such as class, gender, and generational distinctions of taste within the potential population of visitors, as well as the availability and interests within local, and global markets. It has been said that to be a tourist is one of the characteristics of the modern experience. Going on vacation is seen as a symbol of stability and success, like owning a nice car or home. Travel is a marker of status in modern societies, and is also thought to be necessary for good health. The role of the professional, therefore, is to cater to the needs and tastes of the tourists in accordance with their class and overall expectations.

 

This reading practice simulates one part of the IELTS Academic Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage and answer questions 27-40.
Questions 27-32
The reading passage has six sections, A-F.

Choose the correct heading for sections A-F from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number i-ix in boxes 27-32 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
  1. The industry of tourism and travel: status symbols
  2. The advantages of seasonal travel
  3. Studying the phenomenon of tourism
  4. Motivations behind tourists’ decisions to travel
  5. Defining modern tourism
  6. Disadvantages of the travel industry
  7. Landmarks and locations which attract tourists
  8. American tourists’ escape from reality
  9. The future of tourism

27. Section A

28. Section B

29. Section C

30. Section D

31. Section E

32. Section F

Questions 33-34
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage? In boxes 33-34 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE   if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE   if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN   if there is no information on this.

33. An analysis of deviance can act as a model for the analysis of tourism and politics.

34. Tourism is a leisure activity which presupposes its opposite, namely regulated and organised work.

Questions 35-40
Complete each sentence with the correct ending A-H from the box below.

Write the correct letter A-H in boxes 35-40 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

  1. harmonious and/or relaxing.
  2. adventurous and bold.
  3. strange and/or inappropriate.
  4. distinct from their familiar places of residence.
  5. the sometimes shocking reality of travel.
  6. comfort and a sense of familiarity.
  7. successful and wealthy.
  8. seemingly out-of-the-ordinary travel experiences that are artificially designed.

35. Tourists are often drawn to places which are...

36. There are more businesses these days which try to produce...

37. Americanized accommodations abroad may provide tourists with...

38. Boorstein would argue that Americans are not conditioned to handle…

39. In different cultures, what one considers typical behavior could also be seen as...

40. In the modern world, one’s ability to travel may be regarded as a symbol of being...


Answer Sheet
1
N/A
2
N/A
3
N/A
4
N/A
5
N/A
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
10
N/A
11
N/A
12
N/A
13
N/A
14
N/A
15
N/A
16
N/A
17
N/A
18
N/A
19
N/A
20
N/A
21
N/A
22
N/A
23
N/A
24
N/A
25
N/A
26
N/A
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40


Reading Passage Vocabulary
Tourism

Section A 

Tourism, vacations, and travel are becoming more popular than ever before, although few of us today would have noticed this change. While social scientists have had considerable difficulty when attempting to explain some topics, such as work or politics, one might assume that the same would be true about studying tourism. However, there are interesting parallels between tourism and the study of deviance. This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices which happen to be defined as deviant in some societies but not necessarily in others. The assumption is that the investigation of deviance can reveal interesting and significant aspects of normal societies. It could be said that a similar analysis can be applied to tourism.

Section B

 Tourism is a leisure activity which counterbalances its opposite activity, that being regulated and organized work. It is one manifestation of how work and leisure are organized as separate and controlled spheres of social practice in modern societies. Indeed acting as a tourist is one of the defining characteristics of being “modern,” and the popular concept of tourism is that it is organized in particular places and occurs for predictable periods of time. Tourist relationships arise from a movement of people to various destinations, as well as their time staying there. Tourism involves people making a journey of some distance, followed by a period of stay in a new place or places. “The journey and the stay” are by definition outside the normal places of residence and work and are of a short-term and temporary nature, and there is a clear intention to return home within a relatively short period of time.

Section C

A substantial proportion of the population in modern society engages in such tourist practices. New socialized forms of provision have developed in order to cope with larger numbers of sightseeing tourists. Places are chosen to be visited for sightseeing because tourists fantasize and look forward to going to them. This may be either because these destinations are seen by tourists as exotic, or different from what’s normal at home, or because they are somehow uniquely impressive. Tourists’ anticipation is built and sustained by a variety of non-tourist mediums such as films, TV literature, magazines records and videos, which encourage them to daydream about far off destinations. 

Section D

Tourists tend to visit landmarks and areas that are markedly different from their everyday experiences at home. These places become popular because they are seen as being somehow extraordinary. Those visiting tourist sites often do so with a much greater sensitivity to the visual elements of a place than they would in everyday life. People will linger in areas longer to make sure they can completely take in their surroundings, and may even choose to document their experiences by writing in a diary or taking photographs. 

Section E

One of the earliest dissertations on the subject of tourism is Boorstin's 1964 analysis on “pseudo-events”, where he argues that contemporary Americans cannot experience reality directly, but instead thrive on pseudo-events. Isolated from the local people and environment, the mass tourist travels in guided groups and finds pleasure in inauthentic contrived attractions, gullibly enjoying the pseudo-events and disregarding reality. Over time, the images generated by different tourist sights come to constitute a closed self-perpetuating system of illusions which provide the tourist with the basis for selecting and evaluating potential places to visit. Such visits are made, says Boorstin, within the environmental bubble of the familiar American style hotel, which insulates the tourist from the strangeness of the foreign land.

Section F

 To service the burgeoning tourist industry, a professional industry has developed in an attempt to reproduce constant novelty for the sake of attracting tourists. How they decide to do this depends on a few factors, such as class, gender, and generational distinctions of taste within the potential population of visitors, as well as the availability and interests within local, and global markets. It has been said that to be a tourist is one of the characteristics of the modern experience. Going on vacation is seen as a symbol of stability and success, like owning a nice car or home. Travel is a marker of status in modern societies, and is also thought to be necessary for good health. The role of the professional, therefore, is to cater to the needs and tastes of the tourists in accordance with their class and overall expectations.

 

 
IELTS Academic Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.

Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.

    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Sentence Completion
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Matching Headings
    Summary, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

IELTS Reading Question Types
 
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