IELTS Academic Reading Practice 90

 
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This reading practice simulates one part of the IELTS Academic Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage and answer questions 27-40.

Questions 27-30

Complete each sentence with the correct ending A-D from the box below.

Write the correct letter A-D in boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

27 A choleric person
28 A sanguine person
29 A melancholic person
30 A phlegmatic person

  1. sometimes misses the details or the proper order of things
  2. is soft-hearted and concerned with the needs of others
  3. has an orderly methodical way of approaching tasks
  4. often underestimated how much time it takes to achieve the task
Questions 31-38

Do the following statements reflect the claims of the writer in the reading passage? In boxes 31-38 on your answer sheet, write

YES   if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO   if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

31. Currently there are no self-assessment tools that relate to the basic descriptions developed by Gale
32. The depersonalization occurs when you realize that others aren’t trying to be difficult.
33. The sanguine person would be the expressive or spirited style of communication
34. It is believed that sanguine people dislike variety
35. The choleric temperament translates into the humble and indirect style of communication.
36. Melancholic and phlegmatic people have similar characteristics.
37. The phlegmatic person - cool and persevering - translates into the technical or systematic communication style
38. Managers often choose their best employees according to personality types.
Questions 39-40

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 39-40 on your answer sheet.

39 The author believes using self-assessment tools can

40 People with this style are brief in their communication - the fewer words the better


Answer Sheet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
N/A
16
N/A
17
N/A
18
N/A
19
N/A
20
N/A
21
N/A
22
N/A
23
N/A
24
N/A
25
N/A
26
N/A
27
N/A
28
N/A
29
N/A
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


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Communicating Styles and Conflict

Individuals have attempted to comprehend other individuals by describing them according to personality type or demeanor since Hippocrates' time (460-370 B.C.). Hippocrates accepted there were four distinctive body liquids that affected four essential sorts of temperament. His work was additionally created 500 years by Galen. Nowadays there are any number of self-appraisal devices that identify with the essential depictions created by Galen, in spite of the fact that we never again trust the source to be the sorts of body liquid that overwhelm our frameworks.

The values in self-appraisals that assists in deciding personality style, learning styles, communication styles, conflict-handling of styles, or different parts of people is that they help depersonalize conflict in interpersonal relationships. The depersonalization happens when you understand that others aren't endeavoring to be troublesome, however, they need extraordinary or more data than you do. They're not proposing to be impolite: they are so centered around the assignment they disregard welcoming individuals. They might want to work quicker however not at the danger of harming the connections expected to take care of business. They comprehend there is a job to do. Be that as it may, it must be done well with the fitting data, which sets aside opportunity to gather. At the point when utilized properly, understanding communication styles can help settle conflict on groups. Every once in a while are clashes of genuine personality issues. Typically they are issues of style, data needs, or core interest.

Hippocrates and later Galen decided there were four essential demeanors: sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic and choleric. These portrayals were created hundreds of years back and are still to some degree well-suited, in spite of the fact that you could refresh the wording. In this day and age, they convert into the four genuinely normal communication styles depicted beneath:

The sanguine individual would possess the expressive or vivacious style of communication. These individuals talk in pictures. They contribute a great deal of feeling and vitality in their communication and regularly talk rapidly. They are easily sidetracked to a story that might possibly delineate the point they are attempting to make. In view of their energy, they are incredible team motivators. However, they are worried about individuals and relationships. Their abnormal amounts of energy can come on strong at times and their attention is generally on the bigger plan, which implies they now and then miss the subtleties or the correct order of things. These individuals discover conflicts or contrasts of supposition animating and love to take part in a lively talk. They adore change and are continually searching for new and energizing experiences.

The phlegmatic individual is cool and driving forward. These people have specialized or methodical communication styles. This style of communication is centered around facts and technical specifics. Phlegmatic individuals have a systematic precise method for moving toward undertakings, and their focus is especially on the task, not on the people, feelings, or worries that the task may bring out. The focus is likewise more on the specifics necessary to achieve a task. Sometimes the specifics overpower the main objective and concentration should be taken back to the context of the task. Individuals with this style figure the facts ought to represent themselves, and they are not as OK with conflict. They need both its rationale and the steps included.

The melancholic individual who is loving and acts towards getting things done for others converts into the chivalrous or thoughtful communication style. An individual with this communication style is centered around individuals and relationships. They pay great attention to things and get things done for other individuals at times to the drawback of completing things for themselves. They need to request everybody's opinions and ensure everybody is alright with whatever is required to take care of business. Sometimes this emphasis on others can divert from the job needing to be done. Since they are so worried about the requirements of others and cover up issues, they don’t like conflict. They trust that change compromises business as usual and will, in general, make individuals feel uneasy, so individuals with this communication style, like phlegmatic individuals need time to consider the adjustments so as to adjust to them.

The choleric personality converts into the intense or direct style of communication. Individuals with this style are brief in their communication - the less words the better. They are major masterminds and love to be engaged with numerous things at once. They are centered around undertakings and results and regularly overlook that the people engaged with completing the errands have needs. They don't do detail work effectively and therefore can frequently think little of how much time it takes to accomplish the errand. Since they are so direct, they frequently appear to be compelling and can be scary to other people. They more often than usual would invite somebody challenging them. Be that as it may, most different styles are hesitant to do as such. They likewise flourish with change, the more the better.

A well-working group ought to have these communication styles for true effectiveness. All groups need to concentrate on the assignment and they have to deal with relationships so as to accomplish those undertakings. They need the main objective viewpoint or the setting of their work, and they need the specifics to be recognized and dealt with for progress. We as a whole have parts of each style inside us. A few of us can without much of a stretch move starting with one style then onto the next and adjust our style to the necessities of the current circumstance whether the emphasis is on undertakings or relationships. For other people, a prevailing style is obvious, and it is more difficult to see the circumstance from the point of view of another style. The workplace can impact communication styles either by the kind of work that is required or by the prevalence of one style reflected in that environment. A few people utilize one style at work and another at home.

The uplifting news about communication styles is that we can create adaptability in our styles. The greater adaptability we have, the more gifted we ordinarily are at dealing with conflicts. Generally, it must be pertinent to us to do as such, either in light of the fact that we think it is essential or on the grounds that there are motivators in our condition to energize it. The key is that we need to end up adaptable with our communication style. As Henry Ford stated, "Whether you think you can or you can’t, you’re right!”

Reading Passage Vocabulary
Communicating Styles and Conflict

Individuals have attempted to comprehend other individuals by describing them according to personality type or demeanor since Hippocrates' time (460-370 B.C.). Hippocrates accepted there were four distinctive body liquids that affected four essential sorts of temperament. His work was additionally created 500 years by Galen. Nowadays there are any number of self-appraisal devices that identify with the essential depictions created by Galen, in spite of the fact that we never again trust the source to be the sorts of body liquid that overwhelm our frameworks.

The values in self-appraisals that assists in deciding personality style, learning styles, communication styles, conflict-handling of styles, or different parts of people is that they help depersonalize conflict in interpersonal relationships. The depersonalization happens when you understand that others aren't endeavoring to be troublesome, however, they need extraordinary or more data than you do. They're not proposing to be impolite: they are so centered around the assignment they disregard welcoming individuals. They might want to work quicker however not at the danger of harming the connections expected to take care of business. They comprehend there is a job to do. Be that as it may, it must be done well with the fitting data, which sets aside opportunity to gather. At the point when utilized properly, understanding communication styles can help settle conflict on groups. Every once in a while are clashes of genuine personality issues. Typically they are issues of style, data needs, or core interest.

Hippocrates and later Galen decided there were four essential demeanors: sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic and choleric. These portrayals were created hundreds of years back and are still to some degree well-suited, in spite of the fact that you could refresh the wording. In this day and age, they convert into the four genuinely normal communication styles depicted beneath:

The sanguine individual would possess the expressive or vivacious style of communication. These individuals talk in pictures. They contribute a great deal of feeling and vitality in their communication and regularly talk rapidly. They are easily sidetracked to a story that might possibly delineate the point they are attempting to make. In view of their energy, they are incredible team motivators. However, they are worried about individuals and relationships. Their abnormal amounts of energy can come on strong at times and their attention is generally on the bigger plan, which implies they now and then miss the subtleties or the correct order of things. These individuals discover conflicts or contrasts of supposition animating and love to take part in a lively talk. They adore change and are continually searching for new and energizing experiences.

The phlegmatic individual is cool and driving forward. These people have specialized or methodical communication styles. This style of communication is centered around facts and technical specifics. Phlegmatic individuals have a systematic precise method for moving toward undertakings, and their focus is especially on the task, not on the people, feelings, or worries that the task may bring out. The focus is likewise more on the specifics necessary to achieve a task. Sometimes the specifics overpower the main objective and concentration should be taken back to the context of the task. Individuals with this style figure the facts ought to represent themselves, and they are not as OK with conflict. They need both its rationale and the steps included.

The melancholic individual who is loving and acts towards getting things done for others converts into the chivalrous or thoughtful communication style. An individual with this communication style is centered around individuals and relationships. They pay great attention to things and get things done for other individuals at times to the drawback of completing things for themselves. They need to request everybody's opinions and ensure everybody is alright with whatever is required to take care of business. Sometimes this emphasis on others can divert from the job needing to be done. Since they are so worried about the requirements of others and cover up issues, they don’t like conflict. They trust that change compromises business as usual and will, in general, make individuals feel uneasy, so individuals with this communication style, like phlegmatic individuals need time to consider the adjustments so as to adjust to them.

The choleric personality converts into the intense or direct style of communication. Individuals with this style are brief in their communication - the less words the better. They are major masterminds and love to be engaged with numerous things at once. They are centered around undertakings and results and regularly overlook that the people engaged with completing the errands have needs. They don't do detail work effectively and therefore can frequently think little of how much time it takes to accomplish the errand. Since they are so direct, they frequently appear to be compelling and can be scary to other people. They more often than usual would invite somebody challenging them. Be that as it may, most different styles are hesitant to do as such. They likewise flourish with change, the more the better.

A well-working group ought to have these communication styles for true effectiveness. All groups need to concentrate on the assignment and they have to deal with relationships so as to accomplish those undertakings. They need the main objective viewpoint or the setting of their work, and they need the specifics to be recognized and dealt with for progress. We as a whole have parts of each style inside us. A few of us can without much of a stretch move starting with one style then onto the next and adjust our style to the necessities of the current circumstance whether the emphasis is on undertakings or relationships. For other people, a prevailing style is obvious, and it is more difficult to see the circumstance from the point of view of another style. The workplace can impact communication styles either by the kind of work that is required or by the prevalence of one style reflected in that environment. A few people utilize one style at work and another at home.

The uplifting news about communication styles is that we can create adaptability in our styles. The greater adaptability we have, the more gifted we ordinarily are at dealing with conflicts. Generally, it must be pertinent to us to do as such, either in light of the fact that we think it is essential or on the grounds that there are motivators in our condition to energize it. The key is that we need to end up adaptable with our communication style. As Henry Ford stated, "Whether you think you can or you can’t, you’re right!”

 
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