IELTS Academic Writing Practice 33

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The pie chart below depicts energy generation by fuel type in the UK in two years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The pie chart below depicts energy generation by fuel type in the UK in two years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The pie chart below depicts energy generation by fuel type in the UK in two years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The pie charts illustrate the proportion of electricity generated by five different forms of fuel, (Oil and other, Gas, Coal, Gas, Nuclear, and Renewables), in the United Kingdom in 2014 and 2016.

Overall, in both years, gas and nuclear remained important sources of energy, together accounting for over half the UK’s energy needs with little change.  In contrast, use of renewables to generate power almost doubled at the expense of coal which significantly declined.  [Use of oil remained unchanged.]

Energy produced by gas and nuclear, which together comprised 52.6% of total energy in 2014, fell marginally to 51.7% in 2016 due to a 0.9% decrease in the use of nuclear power.    

On the other hand, while there was an approximate 11% increase in the use of renewables over the two years, coal use decreased significantly over the same period from 28.4% to around a fifth (18.1%) in 2016.  Oil use remained unchanged in both years at 4%.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The pie charts illustrate proportion of electricity generated by five different form of fuel, (Oil and other, Gas, Coal, Gas, Nuclear, and Renewables), in United Kingdom in 2014 and 2016.

Overall, in both year, gas and nuclear remain important source of energy, together accounting for over half UK’s energy need with little change.  In contrast, use of renewables to generation power almost double at the expense of coal which significantly declined.

Energy produced gas and nuclear, which together comprise 52.6% of total energy in 2014, fell marginally to 51.7% in 2016 due to 0.9% decrease in the use of nuclear power.    

On other hand, while there is an approximately 11% increase in the use of renewables over the two year. Coal use decreased significant over the same period from 28.4% to around a fifth (18.1%) in 2016.  Oil use remaining unchanged in both years at 4%.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. What are the largest/smallest segments?   How can this data be grouped into two paragraphs?  What are the trends that relate the two pie charts?  What do you notice about the combination of gas and nuclear power in both years?
  2. Of the other energy sources, look at renewable and coal usage?  How does one seem to affect the other? What sources of power remain unchanged?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Coal and gas remained unchanged

Coals decreased as renewable usage increased

Gas & Nuclear

Gas + nuclear = 52.5 51.7 due to 0.9% decrease in nuclear.

Other Energy Forms

Coal declined almost halved

Renewables nearly doubled

Oil and other energy sources stayed the same

QUESTION:

The pie chart below depicts energy generation by fuel type in the UK in two years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from both pie charts.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first pie chart
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second pie chart
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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