IELTS Academic Writing Practice 37

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The charts below show the percentage of Irish students at one university who spoke an additional language to English from 2000 to 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The charts below show the percentage of Irish students at one university who spoke an additional language to English from 2000 to 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The charts below show the percentage of Irish students at one university who spoke an additional language to English from 2000 to 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The pie charts illustrate the percentage of Irish students who were able to speak languages other than English at a particular university over a ten year period.  

Overall, the proportion of students speaking a foreign language had increased by 2010, especially those of European languages closer to Ireland.  

In 2000, seventy percent of all students were bilingual with Spanish, French and Celtic accounting for over half of all languages spoken by students.   While Spanish was certainly the most popular second language (30%), ten percent of students reported speaking three languages that year.  Speakers of only one language or another language accounted for 20% and 15% respectively.

Ten years later, three in four students spoke a second language at the expense of mono language speakers who declined by half.  Spanish remained the most popular second language overall increasing by 5%, meanwhile, the number of trilingual students rose slightly to 15%.    Although French decreased slightly, the number of Celtic speakers stayed the same and those who spoke another language recorded a slight rise.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The pie charts illustration the percentage Irish students who were able to speak languages other than English at particular university over ten year period.  

Overall, the proportion of students speaking a foreign language have increased 2010, especially those of European language closer to Ireland.  

In 2000, seventy percent of all students were bilingual with Spanish, French and Celtic accounting over half of all languages spoken by students.   While Spanish is certainly most popular second language (30%), ten percent of students report speaking three language that year. Speakers of only one language or another language accounted 20% and 15% respectively.

Ten years later, three in four students speaking a second language at the expense of mono language speakers who declined half, Spanish remained the most popular second language overall increasing by 5%, meanwhile, the number of trilingual students rose slightly 15%.    Although French decreases slightly, the number of Celtic speaker stayed the same and those who speaking another language record a slight rise.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. How many speakers were bilingual in 2000?  What was the most/least popular tongue spoken in addition to English?  What about three languages? Can you think of any other words for language?  What about people who can speak one, two or even three languages?
  2. What were the changes per segment by 2010?  Use the grouping of bilingual and trilingual to make comparing the two charts easier.  What trends do you notice by 2010?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Foreign language speakers increased

Single language speakers declined

2000

Bilingual 70% of all students (Spanish, French & Celtic)

Spanish (most popular)

Trilingual 10%

Mono languages 20%

2010

Bilingual 75 %, mono lingual students halved

Spanish increased by 5%

Trilingual rose to 15%

Other details Celtic speakers (unchanged), another language (rose slightly)

QUESTION:

The charts below show the percentage of Irish students at one university who spoke an additional language to English from 2000 to 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from both pie charts.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first pie chart
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second pie chart
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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