IELTS Academic Writing Practice 38

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The graphs below show the unemployment rate of citizens in the US with a further classification displaying average salary per week in 2005.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Professional degree

Average Weekly Earnings in 2005 ($)

Doctoral degree

1740

Professional degree

1800

Master's degree

1560

Bachelor's degree

1246

Some college, no degree

840

High school diploma

701

Less than a high school diploma

538

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The graphs below show the unemployment rate of citizens in the US with a further classification displaying average salary per week in 2005.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Professional degree

Average Weekly Earnings in 2005 ($)

Doctoral degree

1740

Professional degree

1800

Master's degree

1560

Bachelor's degree

1246

Some college, no degree

840

High school diploma

701

Less than a high school diploma

538

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

zoom_inView paragraph analysis
QUESTION:

The graphs below show the unemployment rate of citizens in the US with a further classification displaying average salary per week in 2005.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Professional degree

Average Weekly Earnings in 2005 ($)

Doctoral degree

1740

Professional degree

1800

Master's degree

1560

Bachelor's degree

1246

Some college, no degree

840

High school diploma

701

Less than a high school diploma

538

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The bar chart illustrates the proportion of the US population without a job by educational attainment, while the table gives the average salary paid to people according to the same criteria of education level in 2005.  Salary earnings are listed in dollars per week.

Overall, higher education levels seemed to correspond with lower unemployment rates.  Similarly, people who spent longer studying tended to earn more money per week than those who spent less time at school.

Of the total number of people unemployed, those with a degree and above were between three and four times more likely to have a job than those without in 2005. Americans without a high school diploma had the highest unemployment rate at just over 8%, while only between 1.5 to 3% of those with a Bachelor’s degree or higher were out of work.  

The salaries of people with professional or doctoral degree were the highest at $1740 and $1800 respectively, almost four times greater than those with the lowest level of schooling ($538) who furthermore earned the least.  

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The bar chart illustrates proportion of US population without job with educational attainment, when the table gives the average salary paid to people according the same criteria of education level in 2005.  Salary earnings listed in dollars per week.

Overall, higher education level seemed to correspond lower unemployment rate.  Similarly, people who spent longer studying tend to earn more money per week than those who spend less time at school.

Of the total number of people unemploy, those with a degree and above were between three and four time more likely to have job than those without in 2005. American without a high school diploma had highest unemployment rate just over 8%, while only between 1.5 to 3% those with Bachelor’s degree or higher were out of work.  

The salary of people with professional or doctoral degree were highest at $1740 and $1800 respectively, almost four time greater than those with the lowest level of schooling ($538) who furthermore earn the least.  

Show answer keyboard_arrow_down
 
Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at the bar chart first.  Note the key trends of lower employment rate with higher education.  Think of what grammar you can use to describe. Consider how to compare the highest and lowest figures for both unemployment.  Think how to group data together in order to describe it.
  2. Look at table second.  Consider the relationship between income and educational attainment.  Look at the highest and lowest values, and decide how to compare them.  

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Higher education level lower employment & higher salary

Unemployment

Without employment -4 times more likely to have no job

HS Diploma over 8%

Bachelor’s Degree + 1.5-3% unemployment rate

Salary

Highest income Doctorate/Professional degrees

Lowest income  HS diploma

QUESTION:

The graphs below show the unemployment rate of citizens in the US with a further classification displaying average salary per week in 2005.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Professional degree

Average Weekly Earnings in 2005 ($)

Doctoral degree

1740

Professional degree

1800

Master's degree

1560

Bachelor's degree

1246

Some college, no degree

840

High school diploma

701

Less than a high school diploma

538

Step 2: Planning
Step 3: Write the essay
 
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