IELTS Academic Writing Practice 45

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The bar charts show education data related to young adults aged 15 years in 10 different countries in 2015.  The first chart shows in which countries adolescents do the most homework in terms of hours per week. The second chart shows the nations that scored the best on an international science test.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
Word Count: 0
 
Question

The bar charts show education data related to young adults aged 15 years in 10 different countries in 2015.  The first chart shows in which countries adolescents do the most homework in terms of hours per week. The second chart shows the nations that scored the best on an international science test.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The bar charts show education data related to young adults aged 15 years in 10 different countries in 2015.  The first chart shows in which countries adolescents do the most homework in terms of hours per week. The second chart shows the nations that scored the best on an international science test.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The first bar chart illustrates the number of hours spent by 15-year-old adolescents on homework in various countries in 2015.  The second chart highlights the top countries with scores recorded in science by the same age group also in 2015 measured against an international standard.  

Overall, there appears to be a correlation between countries where children spent little time doing homework and higher science scores.

Of the top three nations by hour spent doing homework, Finland spent the least time (2.8 hours) while South Korean and Japanese students averaged 2.9 and 4.3 hours respectively. Time spent by students in other countries averaged between 5 and 7 hours, while those in Italy spent the longest time (8.6 hours) doing homework, over four times longer than those in Finland.

With respect to science scores, teenagers in Finland clearly scored the highest with a mean score of 568, despite spending the least time doing homework.  Aside from Hong Kong (China) with 543, adolescents in the next six nations scored around 530 points.  The lowest scores were recorded by Netherlands and the United States. Interestingly, Italy didn’t score within the top ten.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

First bar chart illustrate the number of hour spent by 15-year-old adolescent homework in various countries in 2015.  The second chart highlighted the top countries with scores recorded in science by same age group also in 2015 measured against international standard.  

Overall there appeared to be a correlation between countries where children spend little time doing homework and higher science score.

Of the top three nation by hour spent doing homeworks, Finland spent least time (2.8 hours) while South Korean and Japanese student averaged 2.9 and 4.3 hours respectively. Time spent by students in other country averaged between 5 and 7 hours, while those in Italy spend the longest time (8.6 hours) doing homework, over four times long than those in Finland.

With respect to science scores, teenager in Finland clearly score the highest with a mean score of 568, despite spends the least time doing homeworks.  Aside from Hong Kong (China) with 543, adolescents in the next six nations scored around 530 points.  The lowest scores were recorded Netherlands and United States. Interestingly, Italy didn’t score within top ten.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at the first chart.  Which countries spent the most and the least time doing weekly homework?  Can any of these nations be grouped together? Is there any relationship between these groupings and the rest of the data?
  2. Look at the second chart and look for any possible correlation, or relationship, between test scores in science and hours spent doing homework.  Who scored the highest and the lowest? How can the data be grouped together to summarise it?

Now make your own plan using the above questions.

Overall

Countries with less homework perform better on science test

Homework Hours

Asian countries less (particularly South Korea)

Western Countries the most, Italy (highest)

Finland (lowest)

Science Test Scores

Asian countries > Western Countries

Finland (highest), United States (lowest)

QUESTION:

The bar charts show education data related to young adults aged 15 years in 10 different countries in 2015.  The first chart shows in which countries adolescents do the most homework in terms of hours per week. The second chart shows the nations that scored the best on an international science test.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Step 3: Write the essay
 
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