IELTS Academic Writing Practice 8

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The chart shows the proportion of working age adults in four countries from 1960 to 2015.  Units are given in percentages.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
Word Count: 0
 
Question

The chart shows the proportion of working age adults in four countries from 1960 to 2015.  Units are given in percentages.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

zoom_inView paragraph analysis
QUESTION:

The chart shows the proportion of working age adults in four countries from 1960 to 2015.  Units are given in percentages.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The chart depicts the proportion of adults of working age in four countries, France, the United States, Japan and Germany, over a 90 year period.

Taken as a whole, the working age population of all four countries peaked between 1990 and 2000, before showing a projected decline to 2050.  Though Japan and Germany had the highest numbers of working-age adults in the 1990s, both are forecast to have the lowest by 2050, while the United States and France will have the highest.

With regard to Japan and Germany, both had working age populations at over 65% in 1960.  Whereas Germany’s initially dips slightly, their proportions of working adults peaked in unison at seventy percent by 1990, before showing a projected decline to 52% for Japan and 55% for Germany by 2050.

Similarly, the percentage of adults under the age of retirement in the United States and France showed a gradual increase from around 60% for both in 1960 to reaching a peak of over 65% by 1980.  Over the next 30 years, each displayed slight fluctuations before being predicted to decline steadily to 60% and 55% respectively by the period's end.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The chart depict the proportion of adult of working age in four country, France, the United States, Japan and Germany, over  90 year periods.

Taken as a whole the working age population of all four countries peak between 1990 and 2000, before showing a projected decline to 2050.  Though Japan and Germany had the highest numbers of working-age adults in 1990s both are forecast to had the lowest by 2050, while the United States and France will have the highest.

With regard to Japan and Germany, both had working age populations at over 65% in 1960.  Whereas Germany’s initially dip slight, there proportions of working adult peaked unison at seventy percent by 1990, before showing projected decline 52% for Japan and 55% for Germany by 2050.

Similarly, the percentage of adults under the age of retirement in United States and France showing gradual increase from around 60% for both in 1960 to reaching peak of over 65% by 1980.  Over the next 30 year, each displayed slightly fluctuation before being predicted to decline steadily to 60% and 55% respectively by the period's end.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. What is the overall trend of all four countries?  Are there any similarities between the countries? Which show the highest peaks and lowest dips?  Which ones can be grouped together to form two paragraphs?

Overall

Working age population peaked in 1990, declines to 2000

Japan & Germany > USA

Japan & Germany

1960 similar working populations

1990 peak in unison

2050 forecast decline

France & the U.S.A

1960 gradually increased at start

1980 peaked

2050 projected fall

QUESTION:

The chart shows the proportion of working age adults in four countries from 1960 to 2015.  Units are given in percentages.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from the line graph.
  • Paraphrase the question. Be specific but clear.
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first grouping of data
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second grouping of data
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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