IELTS® General Reading Practice 8

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Read the information below and answer questions 15-22.

Johnson & Morton Inc. Monthly Newsletter

Part-Time Jobs: Is it the Right Time?

A. Once thought of as “side work” for students, part-time work is becoming a more flexible option for people who have typical “9 to 5” jobs. In this day and age, having a part-time job can be an essential way to keep your finances in order as well as provide extra support for families. The most important thing to keep in mind, however, is to avoid burn-out by becoming ineffective and tired. Taking on new projects at the prospect of extra income is easy, but following them through can be difficult.

B. Reaching our potential as working professionals can sometimes involve flexibility and stretching ourselves out across different types of work. By getting a part-time job, professionals can learn valuable transferable skills and important time management skills. Additionally, it is possible to combine different sets of passions in one's career. For example, a financial consultant during the week may choose to work as a check-out clerk at a retailer on the weekends. Of course, the extra income never hurt anyone!

C. However, make sure that you are not taking on too much too quickly. A recent study conducted by the University of Wisconsin has shown that professionals who have more than one stream of income seem to stretch themselves too thin in an effort to make ends meet. Professor Steinbaum, the lead researcher on the study, suggests reserving at least one day of the week for rest and relaxation. “We have noticed increased qualities of life in professionals who work a part-time job directly after their full-time job, or those who work on Saturdays,” he says. For this reason, we advise taking Sunday as an “off day” to catch up on sleep and relax.

D.  While the extra income may seem appealing in the beginning stages of work, managing extra income is not always as easy as it seems. The study conducted by Professor Steinbaum showed that professionals wasted the extra income earned by part-time work within the first three months of receiving it. The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction” reaction, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study. To sum up, once people are presented with additional income, they almost always feel the need to reward themselves, thus spending money lavishly. “Fortunately, for most people, this effect only seems to last for three months”, states Steinbaum.

E. Perhaps one of the most important facets of navigating two different income streams is understanding how taxes may change. Completing tax returns can get quite complicated and professionals will need to stay on top of affairs in order to maintain legality. Our offices have put together a handy pamphlet with information on how to best approach handling tax returns. Additionally, on our website, you will find tips and tricks regarding taxes from working professionals who have successfully added part-time work to their careers.

F. Now that you have read up on the benefits of part-time work, it is time for you to understand whether or not it would fit in with your lifestyle. Sometimes, the best way to figure these things out is by speaking with a qualified career counselor. Johnson & Morton Inc. has specialized in this exact type of consultation for over 20 years. What are you waiting for? Give our office a call in order to schedule your free consultation today!

Read the information below and answer questions 23-29


Skip the Degree: Top Five Highest-Paying Jobs that don't require a traditional college education!
 

Prestigious universities, traditional four-year colleges, and even night school are popping up on everyone's radar lately. Even though pursuing these options after high school may seem like a great idea, these options are not always feasible for everyone. That's why we have put together a list of the top five highest-paying jobs that do not require a degree while still offering a competitive income! Read below and find out if you would be a fit for one of these great opportunities.

Sales Managers

Estimated Salary - the sky's the limit!

Sales skills are the top requirements for this position, which are typically not taught at the university level. That's why this position is on the top of our list. This job is appealing because you earn what you are worth as a salesperson, and there is a high possibility for advancement and income potential. The biggest negative point here, however, is the uncertainty of stability. If you do not meet your sales quota, you may be scrambling to find enough money to reach your personal objectives.

 

Real Estate Agents

Estimated Salary - $30,000 - $120,000 per year

Similar to our first position above, real estate agents focus on selling property, and the job comes with similar advantages and disadvantages to those of salespeople. Keep in mind that this position does require a license, but they are not affiliated with any sort of undergraduate or graduate degree. Although the housing market has become competitive, those with a passion for selling property are sure to make a decent living. An advantage to this job over a traditional sales job is that there is an annual base salary that does not include commission!

Plumbers

Estimated Salary - $45,000 per year

Learning a trade, such as plumbing, is one way to guarantee that your job will always be in demand. Although these positions require an intricate knowledge of plumbing and heating systems, they guarantee a lifetime of stability without having to pay off student loans! It should not come as a surprise that this job is not the most popular amongst recent graduates, which further adds to the benefit of guaranteed work with little to no competition.

Firefighters

Estimated Salary - $30,000 per year

This job requires an intense level of training and courage, which is what makes it as rewarding as it is exciting! As a firefighter, you could be out in the town saving people from fires and restoring property from disasters caused by fire. Although most firefighters have a lot of training to complete before starting on the job, a traditional four-year degree is not a requirement. Training requirements vary between breathing exercises and physical strength, but each program is usually specific in nature.

Air Traffic Controller

Estimated Salary - usually starting at $80,000 per year

Well, we have saved the highest-paying option for last! This guaranteed salary comes at a price however, because applicants must pass both social and medical tests. In other words, potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller. While prior education does not make that much of a difference in terms of getting the job itself, employees must usually take educational classes and pass logic tests once hired. Of course, guaranteeing the safety of thousands of people each day comes with stress!

15. F - This paragraph contains information on how to receive guidance regarding part-time work. The sentences, “What are you waiting for? Give our office a call in order to schedule your free consultation today!” prove this to be correct.
 
16. D - Scientific evidence is provided in this paragraph, most notably with the sentences, “The study conducted by Professor Steinbaum showed that professionals wasted the extra income earned by part-time work within the first three months of receiving it. The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction reaction”, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study”.
 
17. A - This paragraph introduces the article with a description of the changing nature of part-time work. The sentence, “Once thought of as “side work” for students, part-time work is becoming a more flexible option for people who have typical “9 to 5” jobs” proves this to be correct.
 
18. C - This paragraph contains advice when it comes to balancing two jobs. The sentence, “For this reason, we advise taking Sundays as an “off day” to catch up on sleep and relax” proves this to be correct.
 
19. E - The warning regarding legal matters refers to taxes, which is included in this paragraph. The statement, “Completing tax returns can get quite complicated and professionals will need to stay on top of affairs in order to maintain legality” proves this to be correct.
 
20. transferable skills - The statement, “By getting a part-time job, professionals can learn valuable transferable skills and important time management skills.” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
21. immediate satisfaction - The statement, “The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction” reaction, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study.” proves this to be correct.
 
22. tax returns - The statement, “Our offices have put together a handy pamphlet with information on how to best approach handling tax returns” proves this to be correct.
23. E - The statement, “...potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
24. A - The information, “Estimated Salary - the sky's the limit!” proves that this is the correct answer.
 
25. D - The statement, “Training requirements vary between breathing exercises and physical strength, but each program is usually specific in nature.” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
26. C - The phrase, “It should not come as a surprise that this job is not the most popular amongst recent graduates…” proves this to be correct.
 
27. A - The sentence, “The biggest negative point here, however, is the uncertainty of stability. If you do not meet your sales quota, you may be scrambling to find enough money to reach your personal objectives.” proves that this is correct.
 
28. B - The sentence, “An advantage to this job over a traditional sales job, is that there is an annual base salary that does not include commission!” proves this to be correct.
 
29. E - The statement, “...potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller.” proves this to be correct.
 



This reading practice simulates the second section of the IELTS General Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage(s) and answer questions 15-29.
Questions 15-19

The reading passage has six sections, A-F. Which section contains the following information? 

Write the correct letter A-F

NB You may use any letter more than once.

15. information on how to receive guidance regarding part-time work

16. scientific evidence pertaining to spending habits

17. information regarding the changing nature of part-time work

18. advice on time-management when balancing part-time and full-time work

19. a warning regarding understanding legal matters

Questions 20-22
Complete the short answers below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in 20-22 on your answer sheet.

20. In addition to time management skills, what else can professionals gain through part-time work, as explained in Paragraph B?

21. According to Professor Steinbaum, which type of reaction causes professionals to initially waste income?

22. Which service does the Johnson & Morton Inc. pamphlet help professionals manage, as described in Paragraph E?

Questions 23-29
Look at the following statements (Questions 23-29) and A list of jobs below.

Match each statement with the correct job A, B, C, D, or E.

Write the correct number A-E in boxes Questions 23-29 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.
A list of jobs
  1. Sales Managers
  2. Real Estate Agents
  3. Plumbers
  4. Firefighters
  5. Air Traffic Controllers

23. The hiring process involves a medical professional.

24. This job does not have a salary cap.

25. Specific physical training is required before starting this job.

26. This job is usually not the first-pick among young people.

27. This job does not guarantee a stable income.

28. This job guarantees an income even if sales are not made.

29. Employees must pass a requirement related to their pasts.






Answer Sheet
1
N/A
2
N/A
3
N/A
4
N/A
5
N/A
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
10
N/A
11
N/A
12
N/A
13
N/A
14
N/A
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


Reading Passage Vocabulary
Part-Time Jobs / Top Five Highest-Paying Jobs


Read the information below and answer questions 15-22.

Johnson & Morton Inc. Monthly Newsletter

Part-Time Jobs: Is it the Right Time?

A. Once thought of as “side work” for students, part-time work is becoming a more flexible option for people who have typical “9 to 5” jobs. In this day and age, having a part-time job can be an essential way to keep your finances in order as well as provide extra support for families. The most important thing to keep in mind, however, is to avoid burn-out by becoming ineffective and tired. Taking on new projects at the prospect of extra income is easy, but following them through can be difficult.

B. Reaching our potential as working professionals can sometimes involve flexibility and stretching ourselves out across different types of work. By getting a part-time job, professionals can learn valuable transferable skills and important time management skills. Additionally, it is possible to combine different sets of passions in one's career. For example, a financial consultant during the week may choose to work as a check-out clerk at a retailer on the weekends. Of course, the extra income never hurt anyone!

C. However, make sure that you are not taking on too much too quickly. A recent study conducted by the University of Wisconsin has shown that professionals who have more than one stream of income seem to stretch themselves too thin in an effort to make ends meet. Professor Steinbaum, the lead researcher on the study, suggests reserving at least one day of the week for rest and relaxation. “We have noticed increased qualities of life in professionals who work a part-time job directly after their full-time job, or those who work on Saturdays,” he says. For this reason, we advise taking Sunday as an “off day” to catch up on sleep and relax.

D.  While the extra income may seem appealing in the beginning stages of work, managing extra income is not always as easy as it seems. The study conducted by Professor Steinbaum showed that professionals wasted the extra income earned by part-time work within the first three months of receiving it. The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction” reaction, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study. To sum up, once people are presented with additional income, they almost always feel the need to reward themselves, thus spending money lavishly. “Fortunately, for most people, this effect only seems to last for three months”, states Steinbaum.

E. Perhaps one of the most important facets of navigating two different income streams is understanding how taxes may change. Completing tax returns can get quite complicated and professionals will need to stay on top of affairs in order to maintain legality. Our offices have put together a handy pamphlet with information on how to best approach handling tax returns. Additionally, on our website, you will find tips and tricks regarding taxes from working professionals who have successfully added part-time work to their careers.

F. Now that you have read up on the benefits of part-time work, it is time for you to understand whether or not it would fit in with your lifestyle. Sometimes, the best way to figure these things out is by speaking with a qualified career counselor. Johnson & Morton Inc. has specialized in this exact type of consultation for over 20 years. What are you waiting for? Give our office a call in order to schedule your free consultation today!

Read the information below and answer questions 23-29


Skip the Degree: Top Five Highest-Paying Jobs that don't require a traditional college education!
 

Prestigious universities, traditional four-year colleges, and even night school are popping up on everyone's radar lately. Even though pursuing these options after high school may seem like a great idea, these options are not always feasible for everyone. That's why we have put together a list of the top five highest-paying jobs that do not require a degree while still offering a competitive income! Read below and find out if you would be a fit for one of these great opportunities.

Sales Managers

Estimated Salary - the sky's the limit!

Sales skills are the top requirements for this position, which are typically not taught at the university level. That's why this position is on the top of our list. This job is appealing because you earn what you are worth as a salesperson, and there is a high possibility for advancement and income potential. The biggest negative point here, however, is the uncertainty of stability. If you do not meet your sales quota, you may be scrambling to find enough money to reach your personal objectives.

 

Real Estate Agents

Estimated Salary - $30,000 - $120,000 per year

Similar to our first position above, real estate agents focus on selling property, and the job comes with similar advantages and disadvantages to those of salespeople. Keep in mind that this position does require a license, but they are not affiliated with any sort of undergraduate or graduate degree. Although the housing market has become competitive, those with a passion for selling property are sure to make a decent living. An advantage to this job over a traditional sales job is that there is an annual base salary that does not include commission!

Plumbers

Estimated Salary - $45,000 per year

Learning a trade, such as plumbing, is one way to guarantee that your job will always be in demand. Although these positions require an intricate knowledge of plumbing and heating systems, they guarantee a lifetime of stability without having to pay off student loans! It should not come as a surprise that this job is not the most popular amongst recent graduates, which further adds to the benefit of guaranteed work with little to no competition.

Firefighters

Estimated Salary - $30,000 per year

This job requires an intense level of training and courage, which is what makes it as rewarding as it is exciting! As a firefighter, you could be out in the town saving people from fires and restoring property from disasters caused by fire. Although most firefighters have a lot of training to complete before starting on the job, a traditional four-year degree is not a requirement. Training requirements vary between breathing exercises and physical strength, but each program is usually specific in nature.

Air Traffic Controller

Estimated Salary - usually starting at $80,000 per year

Well, we have saved the highest-paying option for last! This guaranteed salary comes at a price however, because applicants must pass both social and medical tests. In other words, potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller. While prior education does not make that much of a difference in terms of getting the job itself, employees must usually take educational classes and pass logic tests once hired. Of course, guaranteeing the safety of thousands of people each day comes with stress!

15. F - This paragraph contains information on how to receive guidance regarding part-time work. The sentences, “What are you waiting for? Give our office a call in order to schedule your free consultation today!” prove this to be correct.
 
16. D - Scientific evidence is provided in this paragraph, most notably with the sentences, “The study conducted by Professor Steinbaum showed that professionals wasted the extra income earned by part-time work within the first three months of receiving it. The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction reaction”, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study”.
 
17. A - This paragraph introduces the article with a description of the changing nature of part-time work. The sentence, “Once thought of as “side work” for students, part-time work is becoming a more flexible option for people who have typical “9 to 5” jobs” proves this to be correct.
 
18. C - This paragraph contains advice when it comes to balancing two jobs. The sentence, “For this reason, we advise taking Sundays as an “off day” to catch up on sleep and relax” proves this to be correct.
 
19. E - The warning regarding legal matters refers to taxes, which is included in this paragraph. The statement, “Completing tax returns can get quite complicated and professionals will need to stay on top of affairs in order to maintain legality” proves this to be correct.
 
20. transferable skills - The statement, “By getting a part-time job, professionals can learn valuable transferable skills and important time management skills.” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
21. immediate satisfaction - The statement, “The most plausible reason for this involves an “immediate satisfaction” reaction, as described by Professor Steinbaum in the study.” proves this to be correct.
 
22. tax returns - The statement, “Our offices have put together a handy pamphlet with information on how to best approach handling tax returns” proves this to be correct.
23. E - The statement, “...potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
24. A - The information, “Estimated Salary - the sky's the limit!” proves that this is the correct answer.
 
25. D - The statement, “Training requirements vary between breathing exercises and physical strength, but each program is usually specific in nature.” shows that this is the correct answer.
 
26. C - The phrase, “It should not come as a surprise that this job is not the most popular amongst recent graduates…” proves this to be correct.
 
27. A - The sentence, “The biggest negative point here, however, is the uncertainty of stability. If you do not meet your sales quota, you may be scrambling to find enough money to reach your personal objectives.” proves that this is correct.
 
28. B - The sentence, “An advantage to this job over a traditional sales job, is that there is an annual base salary that does not include commission!” proves this to be correct.
 
29. E - The statement, “...potential employees must submit background checks as well as pass a physician-approved medical exam in order to become an air traffic controller.” proves this to be correct.
 
 
IELTS General Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.


Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.


    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Sentence Completion
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Matching Headings
    Summary, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

 
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