Listening Script Vocabulary
(Section 3: You will hear a conversation between two students who are discussing a marketing concept. First, you will have some time to look at questions 24 to 32 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 24 to 32.)
T = Tom
M = Michelle
T: Good morning, everybody! Now, let’s see. It’s Michelle’s turn to lead the revision group’s discussion today, so without further ado, I’ll hand over to you, Michelle, on Supply Chains.
M: Thanks. Right, well…
T: Oh, actually, sorry to interrupt you, Michelle, but before I forget, didn’t we say last week that we’d start off with a summary of Green Logistics? I think there were a few of us who wanted to go over part of it again – green transportation is quite a difficult concept. Michelle, is that still the plan to start with Logistics before we carry on with the Supply Chains?
M: Umm, yes, sure, we can recap Green Logistics first. So, basically, Green Logistics is about measuring and minimising the impact of logistics on the environment.
T: Right, and what do you mean by ‘logistics’?
M: Well, it includes all activities related to moving products between the point of origin and the point of consumption. Green Logistics aims to balance economics and the environment in an environmentally friendly way. It focuses on using advanced technology and equipment to minimise environmental damage when transporting goods.
T: Great. And where did this concept of Green Logistics come from? Is it a relatively new concept?
M: Actually, it originated in the 1980s.
T: Interesting. I suppose it’s fair to say that environmental issues have become more and more important since then.
M: Right, and companies are under a lot of pressure to reduce the damage they do to the environment.
T: And who puts them under pressure? I mean, who is asking for logistics to be green?
M: Well, you could say that the government for one. They have to follow international and national rules on environmental issues. Customers too, because they are increasingly awareness of green issues and demand eco-friendly products and services.
T: Hmm. Is there anyone else who benefits from Green Logistics?
M: Yes, employees often want to work in an environmentally responsible company. And I suppose companies themselves who are under pressure from investors.
T: But how would investors know how ‘green’ a company is?
M: For example, they could check the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.
T: What’s that?
M: It tracks the performance of the world's leading companies in terms of economic and environmental criteria.
T: I see, so it is really important.
T: Can you give us some examples of what Green Logistics actually involves?
M: Sure. It might be more efficient packaging. So, that means less unnecessary plastic and cardboard to wrap the product. Companies might also think about the most efficient volume and weight of a product.
T: So that more items can fit in a truck?
M: Exactly. Also, route optimisation is another important one. That means that lorries transporting goods take the shortest route and the one with the least time waiting in traffic. Lorries waste a lot of fuel while stuck in traffic jams.
T: Right. Well, thank you, Michelle, for that overview… that was really helpful. Now let’s move on with your main topic for today…