Listening Script Vocabulary
(Section 4: You will hear a talk on the topic of health and wellbeing. First, you will have some time to look at questions 33 to 40 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 33 to 40.)
J: Hello everyone. Welcome to this morning’s lecture on the subject of health and wellbeing. This is one in a series of lectures organized for us by the Students Union with the aim of advising you, our students, on how to stay fit and healthy at the same time as studying and playing hard during your university experience. It is my pleasure to welcome Daisy Caddogan to the stage. Daisy is a professional dietician and has very kindly made time in her busy schedule to talk to us today. Welcome, Daisy.
D: Thank you very much, John. It’s a pleasure to be here with you all today. Now, for many students, being away from home for the first time, making friends and finding their way around a new city and campus can be a big upheaval and it’s no surprise that many feel too stressed to take good care of their health. My main theme today is how to eat healthily on a budget.
When your diet is well balanced, you get all the vitamins and minerals you need to function effectively and lead your daily life without stress or exhaustion. But sometimes, even when you eat the right healthy food, you don’t benefit from all the nutrients because of your cooking method. Now, if that is the case, rather than rushing out to buy a tub of vitamin tablets, it’s much more effective to take a good hard look at the food you are putting in your mouth, and how you are cooking it.
Let’s look first at vitamins. What are they? Well, basically they are essential in very small quantities to keep us alive. There are two types – fat-soluble vitamins that can be stored in the body for some time, and water-soluble vitamins that are lost from the body quite quickly and need to be regularly replaced.
The best way to ensure you have enough vitamins in your diet is to change your eating habits. That means no more junk food or take-away meals. You need to plan your meal schedule so that you are eating a wide variety of foods including 5 portions of fruits and vegetables every day. The vitamins in fresh food deteriorate quickly so you need to shop every 3 days at least for fresh produce, and store your purchases in a cold, dark place as this is the best way to preserve the vitamin content.
Now, I’m sure you’ve all seen the Healthy Eating Pyramid before but let’s take another look at it now. So, basically, the foods at the top of the pyramid are the ones that you should be trying to avoid as much as possible – so these are the unhealthy, but sadly delicious, foods like fats, sugars and salts. In the middle of the pyramid you can see foods that can be eaten in moderation – so perhaps a few times per week but not on a daily basis. This middle group includes dairy products, meat and fish, nuts etc. Finally, we have the biggest group of foods at the bottom of the pyramid. These are the foods that we can eat lots of because they are good for our health So, here we can see fruit, vegetable and bread. So, as you can see, this pyramid is a useful reminder of how to plan your diet and it’s a good idea to remind yourself of it before you head out to the supermarket.