Listening Script Vocabulary
(Section 2: You will hear a talk show host talking about ponds. First, you will have some time to look at questions 11 to 20 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 20.)
Good morning listeners, and welcome to today's show. Today we're talking about ponds and the different options available for those of you who are interested in adding a pond to your garden.
Ponds are very popular garden features and people enjoy having a small pool of water like this to relax by. Ponds are really much more than just water - they are soothing, mystical, beautiful, cooling and can really be a great way to remove our daily stress. Ponds create a beautiful oasis and an eco-friendly environment that attracts all types of wildlife, and can be a peaceful home for fish, frogs, birds and many other animals.
Let's take a look at the two different types of ponds, both of which give us water, soothing sounds and various wildlife attractions. There are two main types of pond. The first type is built above ground, and the second is built below ground.
Now, let's look first at the above ground ponds. These are rather small ponds that can be built in many different areas of your property and look very attractive. People often keep fish and plants in these ponds. These ponds use a liner to hold the water. They work as a closed system, similar to a swimming pool, where we have the liner to contain the water and a pump to circulate the water. These small above ground ponds almost always have a waterfall built into them, and sometimes a stream between the waterfall and the pond area.
Now, let's turn to the below ground ponds. The below ground ponds are built using earth with high clay content to retain the water. Unlike the above ground ponds, below ground ponds do not need a liner. However, these ponds do need a watershed to supply the water to keep the pond full. A good watershed comes from a grassy field or woodland, while a poor watershed would come from planted fields, fields filled with cows or sheep, or from populated areas. They also need a water exit. This is a controlled area for excess water to leave the pond. Generally, an overflow pipe is used to keep the level of the pond water steady during regular rainy weather. But, an emergency pipe is also needed for more serious rain, such as major thunderstorms, hurricanes and even melting snow.
Whichever kind of pond you decide on, look at it as an investment for you and for your garden, and also as a way of giving back to nature by creating an ecosystem for plants, insects and animals.
Well, that's all for today. Good luck with your pond, and I hope you enjoy it.