IELTS Listening Practice 44

 
Audio question: 
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Questions 33-35

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 33-35 on your answer sheet.

33 According to the lecturer, product placement is

34 The aim of product placement is to

35 Product placement strategies have become more:

Questions 36-40

Complete the notes below.  

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

Product placement: explicit & implicit effects. E.g. viewers are able to after seeing it on a TV show. It can create positive attitudes and push viewers to buy the products.

Example: Casino Royale - Ford paid $14 million for James Bond to drive their car for about of screentime.

Ad blindness ability to & streaming = gap in traditional TV advertising. Recent trend: sale of entire .

Editing technology: change product placements in post-production. ‘Product displacement’- remove logos digitally.

‘Greeking’ - recognisable labels are or taped over.

 
This listening practice simulates the fourth section of the IELTS Listening test. Listen to the audio and answer questions 33-40.

  • library_books Audio Script

    (Section 4: You will hear a talk on the topic of product placement. First, you will have some time to look at questions 33 to 35 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 33 to 35.)

    L=Lecturer

    Good morning. In today’s lecture we will be focusing on a particular aspect of advertising called ‘product placement’.

    Product placement is a form of advertising in which branded goods and services are featured in a video production that targets a large audience. It is also known as ‘embedded marketing’ or ‘embedded advertising’. Now, product placements are typically found in movies, television shows, personal videos, radio, and — less commonly — live performances. In exchange for product placement rights, companies may pay a production company or studio in cash, goods or services.

    Let’s try to break down what product placement actually involves. Product placements are presented in a way that will generate positive feelings towards the advertised brand. The brand is shown, mentioned or discussed in the TV program or movie etc. but it is not an explicit advertisement. This method allows the audience to develop a stronger connection with the brand and provides justification for their purchase decision. When a brand appears in a movie, TV show or other performance it is most likely because an advertiser paid for that privilege. Some people believe that such advertising is inherently dishonest and deceptive to easily influenced children.

    Advertisers and producers have become more sophisticated in how they use product placements. For example, a product's appearance may be relatively obvious, such as if every car, shoe or drink featured in a show or movie is made by the same manufacturer. But another subtle tactic is to avoid showing a label or logo but featuring a product's distinctive colour or packaging, such as a curvy glass Coca-Cola bottle.

    (Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you will have some time to look at questions 36 to 40 [20 seconds]. Now, listen and answer questions 36 to 40.)

    Product placement creates explicit and implicit advertising effects. For example, viewers of a product placement are more able to name a brand after seeing it used in a TV show. It can also create and encourage positive attitudes toward brands, and push viewers to buy the products. Brands placed with attractive characters or settings tend to appeal to people more.

    I’ll give you some examples of product placement. The James Bond movie franchise provides many. While some advertisers change over the years, there are also those that appear in movie after movie. For example, in the franchise's reboot of Casino Royale, carmaker Ford paid $14 million to feature James Bond driving one or their models in about three minutes of screen time.

    What about trends in product placement? Well, with the increase in ad blindness (that’s the ability to ignore ads), and the spread of streaming, a gap has formed in traditional televised advertising. Filling that gap is more sophisticated use of product placements. A recent trend is the sale to advertisers of entire story lines.

    Nowadays, digital editing plays a key role in product placement. Editing technology has been used to introduce or even change product placements in post-production, sometimes going back to change branded items used in shows long after they were filmed. On the other hand, if an advertiser objects to their brand being featured in a movie, the producers may engage in ‘product displacement’, when they remove logos digitally. Another option, known as ‘greeking’, sees recognisable labels edited out or taped over.

Answer Sheet
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40
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Listening Script Vocabulary

(Section 4: You will hear a talk on the topic of product placement. First, you will have some time to look at questions 33 to 35 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 33 to 35.)

L=Lecturer

Good morning. In today’s lecture we will be focusing on a particular aspect of advertising called ‘product placement’.

Product placement is a form of advertising in which branded goods and services are featured in a video production that targets a large audience. It is also known as ‘embedded marketing’ or ‘embedded advertising’. Now, product placements are typically found in movies, television shows, personal videos, radio, and — less commonly — live performances. In exchange for product placement rights, companies may pay a production company or studio in cash, goods or services.

Let’s try to break down what product placement actually involves. Product placements are presented in a way that will generate positive feelings towards the advertised brand. The brand is shown, mentioned or discussed in the TV program or movie etc. but it is not an explicit advertisement. This method allows the audience to develop a stronger connection with the brand and provides justification for their purchase decision. When a brand appears in a movie, TV show or other performance it is most likely because an advertiser paid for that privilege. Some people believe that such advertising is inherently dishonest and deceptive to easily influenced children.

Advertisers and producers have become more sophisticated in how they use product placements. For example, a product's appearance may be relatively obvious, such as if every car, shoe or drink featured in a show or movie is made by the same manufacturer. But another subtle tactic is to avoid showing a label or logo but featuring a product's distinctive colour or packaging, such as a curvy glass Coca-Cola bottle.

(Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you will have some time to look at questions 36 to 40 [20 seconds]. Now, listen and answer questions 36 to 40.)

Product placement creates explicit and implicit advertising effects. For example, viewers of a product placement are more able to name a brand after seeing it used in a TV show. It can also create and encourage positive attitudes toward brands, and push viewers to buy the products. Brands placed with attractive characters or settings tend to appeal to people more.

I’ll give you some examples of product placement. The James Bond movie franchise provides many. While some advertisers change over the years, there are also those that appear in movie after movie. For example, in the franchise's reboot of Casino Royale, carmaker Ford paid $14 million to feature James Bond driving one or their models in about three minutes of screen time.

What about trends in product placement? Well, with the increase in ad blindness (that’s the ability to ignore ads), and the spread of streaming, a gap has formed in traditional televised advertising. Filling that gap is more sophisticated use of product placements. A recent trend is the sale to advertisers of entire story lines.

Nowadays, digital editing plays a key role in product placement. Editing technology has been used to introduce or even change product placements in post-production, sometimes going back to change branded items used in shows long after they were filmed. On the other hand, if an advertiser objects to their brand being featured in a movie, the producers may engage in ‘product displacement’, when they remove logos digitally. Another option, known as ‘greeking’, sees recognisable labels edited out or taped over.

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