IELTS Academic Writing Practice 2

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The chart below shows the proportion of male and female students studying six art-related subjects at a UK university in 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.  

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The chart below shows the proportion of male and female students studying six art-related subjects at a UK university in 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.  

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The chart below shows the proportion of male and female students studying six art-related subjects at a UK university in 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.  

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The bar chart shows the distribution of students by gender across six art-based disciplines at a UK university in 2010.

Generally speaking, the chart shows that while females outnumber males in most disciplines, and the gender gap for each subject was not significant.

Across five of the six subjects, there were more females enrolled than males. Of these, the difference in enrollment between genders was insignificant, with the notable exception of Philosophy where female students outnumbered their male counterparts by almost 3 to 1.  Art and Design was the only subject with more men than women at a ratio of 120 to 90.   

The most popular subject for both sexes was undoubtedly English Language and Literature with almost as many men [250] as women [230] taking part. In fact, language-based subjects, namely Linguistics, English Language, and Literature and Communication and Media Studies, proved the most popular for both genders. With regard to the least attractive subjects, men seemed least drawn to Philosophy while women were less interested in History and Archeology.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The bar chart shows the distribution of students by gender across six art-based disciplines at UK university in 2010.

Generally speaking, the chart show that while females outnumbering males in most discipline the gender gap each subject was not signify.

Across five of the six subjects there was more females enrolled than males. Of these, the difference in enrollment between genders are insignificant, with notable exception of Philosophy where female student outnumbered their male counterpart by almost 3 to 1.  Art and Design was the only subject have more men than women at a ratio of 120 to 90.   

The most popular subject for both sexes is undobtedly English Language and Literature with almost as many men [250] as women [230] taking part. In fact language-based subjects namely Linguistics, English Language, and Literature and Communication and Media Studies proved the most popular for both gender. With regard to least attractive subjects, men seemed least drawn to Philosophy while woman were less interested in History and Archeology.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at the gender enrollment first.  Where are the trends? Which subjects have more females than males enrolled? Is there any relationship between these subjects (eg. Are they art-based, or language-based?).  Which subjects have more males than females involved? Do any subjects have an equal number of both genders involved?
  2. Consider subject popularity?  What are the most popular subjects for men and which for women?  How about both sexes?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Females > males

Gender gap insignificant

Gender difference (trend)

Females > males 5/6 subjects (Philosophy)

Philosophy big gender gap

Art and Design  m > f

Popularity
(trend)

Both sexes English Language and Literature

Language subjects more popular

Least Attractive men (philo) / women (History & Archeology)

QUESTION:

The chart below shows the proportion of male and female students studying six art-related subjects at a UK university in 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.  

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State what the bar chart shows
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first grouping of information
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second grouping of information
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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