IELTS Academic Writing Practice 46

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The pie chart below represents the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.  The bar chart shows how these causes affected three regions of the world in the 1990s.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The pie chart below represents the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.  The bar chart shows how these causes affected three regions of the world in the 1990s.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The pie chart below represents the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.  The bar chart shows how these causes affected three regions of the world in the 1990s.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The pie chart displays the primary reasons for agricultural land loss worldwide as a percentage, whereas the bar chart shows the proportion of land degraded per region attributed to these same causes during the 1990s.

Overall, although the three primary reasons for worldwide agricultural land loss affect the globe approximately equally, their effects are more varied at a regional level.

On a worldwide scale, over-grazing is the foremost factor in losing agricultural land accounting for 34% of total land degradation, followed closely by over-cultivation (28%), deforestation (30%) and least of all by salinization at 8%.

During the 1990s, the regional effect of the three main causes of loss of land varied. Europe was the worst affected overall, losing over a fifth of its farmland primarily to deforestation and over-cultivation at 8.4% and 7.7% respectively.  Oceania was the next most affected with almost 14% of land lost mostly due to salinization (10.8%).  Least of all affected was North America (8%) where deforestation and over-cultivation taken together were equally responsible for 6% of degraded land there.

Submit

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The pie chart display the primary reason for agricultural land losses worldwide as a percentage, whereas the bar chart show the proportion of land degrade per region attributed these same causes during the 1990s.

Overall, although three primary reason for worldwide agricultural land loss effects the globe approximately equally their effects is more varied at regional level.

On a worldwide scale, over-grazing is the foremost factor in losing agricultural land accounting 34% of total land degradation, followed close by over-cultivationing (28%), deforestationing (30%) and least of all by salinizationing at 8%.

During the 1990s, the regional effect of the three main cause of loss of land varied. Europe was worst affected overall, losing over fifth of its farmland primarily to deforestation and over-cultivation at 8.4% and 7.7% respective.  Oceania was next most affected with almost 14% of land lost mostly due to salinization (10.8%). Least of all affected were North America (8%) where deforestation and over-cultivation taken together were equally responsible for 6% of degraded land there.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

  1. Look at the pie chart.  Which causes are responsible for the most land degradation around the world?  Can any of the causes be grouped together? Which one results in the least land destruction?
  2. Look at the bar chart.  Which region is the most/least affected by these causes? Notice how there is much variation between each region.  This is in contrast to worldwide figures wherein degradation factors tend to roughly equally affect farmland.

Now make your own plan using the above questions.

Overall

Land degradation affected more or less equally by separate causes worldwide, their effects are much more varied at a regional scale.

Worldwide

Causes

Over-grazing principle cause, followed by deforestation and over-cultivation.  

Salinization causes the least degradation of land

Regions

Europe worst effected deforestation (8.4) over-cultivation (7.7%)

America – deforestation & over-cultivation (around 3%)

Oceania – Salinization predominant reason for land loss (10.8)

QUESTION:

The pie chart below represents the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.  The bar chart shows how these causes affected three regions of the world in the 1990s.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Step 3: Write the essay
 
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