IELTS® General Reading Practice 11

close Filter
search
 
schedule First Time: 0 min 0 secs
replay Retake Test
  • Your Score: /
schedule20:00
  • help Learn how to HIGHLIGHT & ADD NOTES
    1. HOLD LEFT CLICK
    2. DRAG MOUSE OVER TEXT
    3. RIGHT CLICK SELECTED TEXT

Read the information below and answer qestions 15-19

Marshall Inc. Employee Discharge: Fair Practices and Procedures

A. Voluntary Leave

This type of leave is reserved for employees who wish to voluntarily terminate their time with Marshall Inc. Examples of this type of leave can include relocation or career change. In order to follow proper procedure and leave in good standing with the company, employees must submit a written termination notice to their direct supervisors no less than two weeks prior to the desired termination date. If this written termination notice is not provided in the designated time frame, employees will be subject to fees and charges from the company. More information on this can be found in the Employee Handbook, Appendix A.

As per the information in Employee Handbook, Appendix A, Marshall Inc. employees are not legally obligated to disclose the reason behind the voluntary leave from the company. It should be noted, however, that in the case that an employee accepts a position at a competitor company, immediate discharge can be applicable. That is, a direct supervisor can decide to enact the voluntary leave upon receipt of the employee's written termination notice, without having waited the designated two weeks.

B. Short-Term Medical Leave

Employees who must voluntarily leave the company due to a medical concern with the intent to return would fall under this category. Examples of this include: maternity leave, general medical leave, or anything approved by a medical professional. Although the employee's medical benefits will be terminated upon the start date of the short-term medical leave, they will be immediately replaced by The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA). Upon return, employees' normal health benefits will be reinstated without a gap in coverage.

This type of leave guarantees that the position of the employee will be available upon the employee's return. However, Marshall Inc. reserves the right to place a seasonal worker in the position until the original employee returns. As such, the employee may be asked to train the seasonal employee as necessary before the start of the short-term medical leave.

C. Sabbatical

For those employees who wish to take a maximum of three months of leave, they would qualify for the Sabbatical leave. Examples of this type of temporary leave include work-related leave for a short period of time. While the employee would not be required to perform active work duties while on sabbatical, their direct supervisor may request weekly or monthly “Check-In Meetings” in order to understand the scope of work-related research or study in question. In order to qualify for Sabbatical Leave, Marshall Inc. employees must submit a letter of request along with a proposal detailing how the leave will benefit the company. This is the only type of leave that guarantees 100% of the salaried pay during the absence.

D. Warranted Dismissal

A Warranted Dismissal is a legally, contractually strong and binding agreement between Marshall Inc. and the employee in question. All necessary procedures must have been correctly followed in order for this to take effect. Examples of this dismissal include situations in which an employee's misconduct has been serious or damaging to the reputation of Marshall Inc. In the case that an employer can prove the employee's behaviour was illegal, the employee can be dismissed immediately. In the case that an employee is dismissed in this way, they will never be able to interview or be hired for future positions with Marshall Inc.

E. Wrongful Termination

At times, employees may have been wrongfully terminated. In this case, the employer (or direct supervisor) is held accountable for incorrect actions. Examples of this include wrongful dismissal and not providing adequate notice to the employee. Perhaps the most malicious type of wrongful termination includes the dismissal without just cause. If the employee can prove that his or her direct manager did not provide the adequate paperwork related to the dismissal, Marshall Inc. is obliged to reinstate the employee under the direction of a different supervisor, along with the reinstatement of health benefits. In general, this type of termination is the most difficult to prove and will require legal aid, paid for at the expense of the employee.

Read the information below and answer questions 20-27.
 

Wydell Inc. 2020 Best Practices Sheet

A It is of utmost importance for Wydell Inc. to address significant challenges in the agricultural sphere while providing opportunities throughout our entire value chain. Did you know that about half of what Wydell Inc. spends on inputs to our products and packaging is directly linked to agriculture? Last year, our total spending on agriculture products topped one million dollars. This connects us to agricultural communities worldwide!

B We consider various aspects during our day-to-day business ventures, including the rising demand for key commodities, worker empowerment, economic development, water management, and climate impacts. From our business executives to our field workers, we understand the interconnected relationships among all of these topic areas. From our extensive background in the agricultural industry, we believe that a change must be made in order to positively impact workers worldwide. That change starts with our employees.

C Having developed an integrated approach, we plan to focus on the following areas in the year 2020

1. Using sustainability when deciding on procuring ingredients.

2. Implementing crop-specific programs that will enhance both workers' and farmers' rights and improve yields while protecting natural resources.

3. Partnering with nonprofit organizations in order to promote change.

4. Building collaborations with our competitors in order to further promote change.

With these ideas, we hope to make a positive impact on the agricultural sector. Interestingly enough, what sets us apart is our desire to collaborate with companies in our direct line of competition. This is the main reason why it is clear that Wydell is committed to change.
 

D Our goals also include restructuring of our community leadership team, of which employees will not take part in. We will be establishing a new Board of Directors, which will contain only volunteers and community activists, later this month. It is our goal to create a cohesive board of thinkers, doers, and advocators for climate change in order to make a global impact. After having faced some of our harshest criticisms regarding lack of community involvement, we have confronted our mistakes and made changes.

E Wydell Inc. is truly working hard to create a positive, long-term impact on the global community of agriculture. Stay tuned for our next newsletter, which will highlight the first meeting of the new Board of Directors, a summary regarding our cooperation with direct competitors, and an update on the crop-specific programs we will implement this quarter. As always, we are committed to success. Thank you for reading our update!

15. C - This option is correct because the statements, “While the employee would not be required to perform active work duties while on sabbatical, their direct supervisor may request weekly or monthly “Check-In Meetings” in order to understand the scope of work-related research or study in question.” prove that employees would need to update their bosses or supervisors during the “Check-In Meetings”.
16. D - This option is correct because the question statement includes “disclosing marketing procedure to a competing firm”, which is an example for the statement, “Examples of this dismissal include situations in which an employee’s misconduct has been serious or damaging to the reputation of Marshall Inc.”.
17. B - The statement, “However, Marshall Inc. reserves the right to place a seasonal worker in the position until the original employee returns.” proves this to be correct, since the question statement includes the word “momentarily”.
18. A - The statement, “Examples of this type of leave can include relocation or career change.” proves this to be correct.
19. E - The statement, “In general, this type of termination is the most difficult to prove and will require legal aid, paid for at the expense of the employee.” proves this to be correct.
20. C - The specific goals are outlined in paragraph C, using bullet points to separate each point.
21. E - This paragraph tells readers to “Stay tuned for our next newsletter, which will highlight the first meeting of the new Board of Directors, a summary regarding our cooperation with direct competitors…” and is therefore the best place to find this information.
22. A - Company spending is described in paragraph A, as well as the figure “one million dollars”.
23. B - This paragraph details the employees who work for Wydell, with the statement “From our business executives to our field workers, we understand the interconnected relationships…”.
24. D - This paragraph contains information regarding Wydell's choice to make up for past mistakes, with the statement “After having faced some of our harshest criticisms regarding lack of community involvement, we have confronted our mistakes and made changes.”
25. B - This option is the only one that is not listed in paragraph C, where the information is provided. Instead, Wydell Inc. will partner with non-profit organizations rather than corporate agencies.
26. A - The statement, “...what sets us apart is our desire to collaborate with companies in our direct line of competition. This is the main reason why it is clear that Wydell is committed to change.” proves this to be correct.
27. C - The statement, “Our goals also include restructuring of our community leadership team, of which employees will not take part in. We will be establishing a new Board of Directors, which will contain only volunteers and community activists, later this month.” proves this to be correct.



This reading practice simulates the second section of the IELTS General Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage(s) and answer questions 15-27.
Questions 15-19
Look at the following statements (Questions 15-19) and A list of terms below.

Match each statement with the term A, B, C, D, or E.

Write the correct number A-E in boxes Questions 15-19 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.
A list of terms
  1. Voluntary Leave
  2. Short-Term Leave
  3. Sabbatical
  4. Warranted Dismissal
  5. Wrongful Termination

15. Employees may be asked to provide updates to their supervisor(s).

16. An employee has disclosed marketing procedures to a competing firm.

17. In this case, an employee can be replaced momentarily.

18. An employee is moving to a different state due to his or her spouse’s career change.

19. An employee enlists the help of a lawyer to make a case against Marshall Inc.

Questions 20-24

Look at the following statements.

Match each idea with the correct paragraph, A - E.

Write the correct letter in boxes 20-24 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

20. Specific goals for a designated time frame.

21. How and when to find a recap of Wydell's cooperation with competitors.

22. Information regarding company spending, including figures.

23. Information about people who work for Wydell Inc.

24. A way in which Wydell Inc. is making up for past mistakes.

Questions 25-27
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 25-27 on your answer sheet.

25. Which of the following will not be a focus area for Wydell Inc. in 2020?

26. What is the main reason citing Wydell's commitment to change in 2020?

27. Which of the following is true regarding the new Board of Directors?






Answer Sheet
1
N/A
2
N/A
3
N/A
4
N/A
5
N/A
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
10
N/A
11
N/A
12
N/A
13
N/A
14
N/A
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
N/A
29
N/A
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


Reading Passage Vocabulary
Employee Discharge / Wydell Inc. 2020 Best Practices Sheet


Read the information below and answer qestions 15-19

Marshall Inc. Employee Discharge: Fair Practices and Procedures

A. Voluntary Leave

This type of leave is reserved for employees who wish to voluntarily terminate their time with Marshall Inc. Examples of this type of leave can include relocation or career change. In order to follow proper procedure and leave in good standing with the company, employees must submit a written termination notice to their direct supervisors no less than two weeks prior to the desired termination date. If this written termination notice is not provided in the designated time frame, employees will be subject to fees and charges from the company. More information on this can be found in the Employee Handbook, Appendix A.

As per the information in Employee Handbook, Appendix A, Marshall Inc. employees are not legally obligated to disclose the reason behind the voluntary leave from the company. It should be noted, however, that in the case that an employee accepts a position at a competitor company, immediate discharge can be applicable. That is, a direct supervisor can decide to enact the voluntary leave upon receipt of the employee's written termination notice, without having waited the designated two weeks.

B. Short-Term Medical Leave

Employees who must voluntarily leave the company due to a medical concern with the intent to return would fall under this category. Examples of this include: maternity leave, general medical leave, or anything approved by a medical professional. Although the employee's medical benefits will be terminated upon the start date of the short-term medical leave, they will be immediately replaced by The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA). Upon return, employees' normal health benefits will be reinstated without a gap in coverage.

This type of leave guarantees that the position of the employee will be available upon the employee's return. However, Marshall Inc. reserves the right to place a seasonal worker in the position until the original employee returns. As such, the employee may be asked to train the seasonal employee as necessary before the start of the short-term medical leave.

C. Sabbatical

For those employees who wish to take a maximum of three months of leave, they would qualify for the Sabbatical leave. Examples of this type of temporary leave include work-related leave for a short period of time. While the employee would not be required to perform active work duties while on sabbatical, their direct supervisor may request weekly or monthly “Check-In Meetings” in order to understand the scope of work-related research or study in question. In order to qualify for Sabbatical Leave, Marshall Inc. employees must submit a letter of request along with a proposal detailing how the leave will benefit the company. This is the only type of leave that guarantees 100% of the salaried pay during the absence.

D. Warranted Dismissal

A Warranted Dismissal is a legally, contractually strong and binding agreement between Marshall Inc. and the employee in question. All necessary procedures must have been correctly followed in order for this to take effect. Examples of this dismissal include situations in which an employee's misconduct has been serious or damaging to the reputation of Marshall Inc. In the case that an employer can prove the employee's behaviour was illegal, the employee can be dismissed immediately. In the case that an employee is dismissed in this way, they will never be able to interview or be hired for future positions with Marshall Inc.

E. Wrongful Termination

At times, employees may have been wrongfully terminated. In this case, the employer (or direct supervisor) is held accountable for incorrect actions. Examples of this include wrongful dismissal and not providing adequate notice to the employee. Perhaps the most malicious type of wrongful termination includes the dismissal without just cause. If the employee can prove that his or her direct manager did not provide the adequate paperwork related to the dismissal, Marshall Inc. is obliged to reinstate the employee under the direction of a different supervisor, along with the reinstatement of health benefits. In general, this type of termination is the most difficult to prove and will require legal aid, paid for at the expense of the employee.

Read the information below and answer questions 20-27.
 

Wydell Inc. 2020 Best Practices Sheet

A It is of utmost importance for Wydell Inc. to address significant challenges in the agricultural sphere while providing opportunities throughout our entire value chain. Did you know that about half of what Wydell Inc. spends on inputs to our products and packaging is directly linked to agriculture? Last year, our total spending on agriculture products topped one million dollars. This connects us to agricultural communities worldwide!

B We consider various aspects during our day-to-day business ventures, including the rising demand for key commodities, worker empowerment, economic development, water management, and climate impacts. From our business executives to our field workers, we understand the interconnected relationships among all of these topic areas. From our extensive background in the agricultural industry, we believe that a change must be made in order to positively impact workers worldwide. That change starts with our employees.

C Having developed an integrated approach, we plan to focus on the following areas in the year 2020

1. Using sustainability when deciding on procuring ingredients.

2. Implementing crop-specific programs that will enhance both workers' and farmers' rights and improve yields while protecting natural resources.

3. Partnering with nonprofit organizations in order to promote change.

4. Building collaborations with our competitors in order to further promote change.

With these ideas, we hope to make a positive impact on the agricultural sector. Interestingly enough, what sets us apart is our desire to collaborate with companies in our direct line of competition. This is the main reason why it is clear that Wydell is committed to change.
 

D Our goals also include restructuring of our community leadership team, of which employees will not take part in. We will be establishing a new Board of Directors, which will contain only volunteers and community activists, later this month. It is our goal to create a cohesive board of thinkers, doers, and advocators for climate change in order to make a global impact. After having faced some of our harshest criticisms regarding lack of community involvement, we have confronted our mistakes and made changes.

E Wydell Inc. is truly working hard to create a positive, long-term impact on the global community of agriculture. Stay tuned for our next newsletter, which will highlight the first meeting of the new Board of Directors, a summary regarding our cooperation with direct competitors, and an update on the crop-specific programs we will implement this quarter. As always, we are committed to success. Thank you for reading our update!

15. C - This option is correct because the statements, “While the employee would not be required to perform active work duties while on sabbatical, their direct supervisor may request weekly or monthly “Check-In Meetings” in order to understand the scope of work-related research or study in question.” prove that employees would need to update their bosses or supervisors during the “Check-In Meetings”.
16. D - This option is correct because the question statement includes “disclosing marketing procedure to a competing firm”, which is an example for the statement, “Examples of this dismissal include situations in which an employee’s misconduct has been serious or damaging to the reputation of Marshall Inc.”.
17. B - The statement, “However, Marshall Inc. reserves the right to place a seasonal worker in the position until the original employee returns.” proves this to be correct, since the question statement includes the word “momentarily”.
18. A - The statement, “Examples of this type of leave can include relocation or career change.” proves this to be correct.
19. E - The statement, “In general, this type of termination is the most difficult to prove and will require legal aid, paid for at the expense of the employee.” proves this to be correct.
20. C - The specific goals are outlined in paragraph C, using bullet points to separate each point.
21. E - This paragraph tells readers to “Stay tuned for our next newsletter, which will highlight the first meeting of the new Board of Directors, a summary regarding our cooperation with direct competitors…” and is therefore the best place to find this information.
22. A - Company spending is described in paragraph A, as well as the figure “one million dollars”.
23. B - This paragraph details the employees who work for Wydell, with the statement “From our business executives to our field workers, we understand the interconnected relationships…”.
24. D - This paragraph contains information regarding Wydell's choice to make up for past mistakes, with the statement “After having faced some of our harshest criticisms regarding lack of community involvement, we have confronted our mistakes and made changes.”
25. B - This option is the only one that is not listed in paragraph C, where the information is provided. Instead, Wydell Inc. will partner with non-profit organizations rather than corporate agencies.
26. A - The statement, “...what sets us apart is our desire to collaborate with companies in our direct line of competition. This is the main reason why it is clear that Wydell is committed to change.” proves this to be correct.
27. C - The statement, “Our goals also include restructuring of our community leadership team, of which employees will not take part in. We will be establishing a new Board of Directors, which will contain only volunteers and community activists, later this month.” proves this to be correct.
 
IELTS General Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.


Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.


    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Sentence Completion
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Matching Headings
    Summary, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

 
close
Hi, there!

Get 5 Ask-An-Instructor question on the house
by singing up to our 7 day free trial.

close
Start your 7 day free trial!