IELTS® General Reading Practice 13

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Read the information below and answer questions 1-7.

Calling All Graduate Students in Investigative Journalism! 

WHO: Gray Mount University graduate students wishing to be part of a major long-form journalism investigation into the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) may sign up for the JOUR 595 Specialized Reporting course.  The JOUR 595 course can be substituted for the JOUR 502 publication project course. 

WHEN: The class will take place during the Spring 2019 semester. The class will meet at 6 p.m. on Tuesday evenings.

WHAT: In this course, Gray Mount graduate students will conduct a probe into the actions of the NCAA on a variety of fronts. Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.

This course will seek to expand upon Gray Mount's previous results: The study of the “Pay for Play” issue found numerous instances where disparity seems to be the rule rather than the exception.  Our review of a wide assortment of NCAA violations by coaches has uncovered 74 instances of cheating offences, and has traced numerous cases where cheating athletes move from university to university without punishment by the NCAAThe probe will also examine the wide disparity in a comparison of sanctions against coaches at high profile schools versus smaller programs.

In addition to documenting the conferences and schools with the most violations, we have scrutinized the NCAA policies in the wildly popular “social network” craze and a variety of other rules, which has brought us to the question of whether the punishment in many cases fits the crime, especially since no substantial changes in NCAA rules have been implemented since 1985.

The project will be completed in Spring 2019 through diligent reporting, finding real people who have been affected by the issues above, and writing seamless long-form narrative about all of these issues.

The outcome will be a professionally polished series of reports that will be published and possibly framed into a documentary-length film.

CONTACT: Students must have completed 18 credit hours of coursework in the School of Communication. Anyone with questions can contact Professor Bill Findhurst at Bfindhurst@graymount.edu or 814-393-3226.


Read the information and answer the questions 8-14 below.

URGENT! Recall on Parkhurst Cat Food

Parkhurst Inc. would like to notify the public regarding a recent recall on the Parkhurst Cat Food: Kitten Mix product. The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor. Please note that this recall does not affect all Parkhurst products, but only the Cat Food: Kitten Mix product.

The affected bags include the serial numbers K70 to K879. Customers will be able to find these serial numbers on the bottom of each bag. In the case that you are not sure where to find the serial number, or if it is illegible, feel free to contact Customer Service at 807-377-2472.

If your cat has ingested the affected Kitten Mix product and is showing signs of sickness, please seek immediate care from a qualified veterinarian. To date, symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and sluggish behavior.

If you are currently in possession of any of these affected bags, you can return them to the store from which they were purchased. All customers who return the product will be entitled to a gift certificate for any Parkhurst product.

The Kitten Mix product will be back on shelves in approximately two weeks. Until then, we are happy to announce that our Small Cat product can be used as a suitable alternative.

1. The statement, “In this course, Gray Mount graduate students will conduct a probe into the actions of the NCAA on a variety of fronts.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'inquiry' is a synonym for 'probe'.
2. The first half of the statement, “Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'inconsistencies' is a synonym for 'disparities'.
3. The second half of the statement, “Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'violations' is a synonym for 'sanctions'.
4. The statement, “...and has traced numerous cases where cheating athletes move from university to university without punishment by the NCAA.” should be used to answer this question. The 'transfer' is another way to say 'move from university to university'.  
5. The statement, “The probe will also examine the wide disparity in a comparison of sanctions against coaches at high profile schools versus smaller programs.” should be used to answer this question. 'High profile' is a synonym for 'well-known'.
6. The statement, “...especially since no substantial changes in NCAA rules have been implemented since 1985.” should be used to answer this question. 'No substantial changes' is another way to say 'unchanged', and 'rules' is another way to say 'guidelines.
7. The statement, “The outcome will be a professionally polished series of reports that will be published and possibly framed into a documentary-length film.” should be used to answer this question. “Polished series of reports that will be published” can also be described as a “publication”.
8. The statement, “The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor.” proves that this is correct.
9. The statement, “The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor.” proves that this is correct.
10. The statement, “Customers will be able to find these serial numbers on the bottom of each bag.” proves that this is correct.
11. The statement, “In the case that you are not sure where to find the serial number, or if it is illegible, feel free to contact Customer Service at 807-377-2472.” proves that this is correct.
12. The statement, “If your cat has ingested the affected Kitten Mix product and is showing signs of sickness, please seek immediate care from a qualified veterinarian” proves that this is correct.
13. The statement, “All customers who return the product will be entitled to a gift certificate for any Parkhurst product.” proves that this is correct.
14. The statement, “The Kitten Mix product will be back on shelves in approximately two weeks.” proves that this is correct.



This reading practice simulates the first section of the IELTS General Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage(s) and answer questions 1-14.
Questions 1-7
Complete the summary using the list of words, A-J, below.
  1. inquiry
  2. video
  3. universities
  4. guidelines
  5. inconsistencies
  6. outcomes
  7. transfer
  8. violations
  9. programs
  10. publication

Qualified graduate students are welcomed to take part in an investigative journalism course, during which students will conduct an in-depth  of the National Collegiate Athletic AssocIation's (NCAA) actions. With the guidance of Professor Bill Findhurst, students will uncover broad  in legal results of various NCAA issues. Specifically, they will examine from the past decade. Past studies into this matter have shown that the  of cheaters to different institutions is a common practice. Additionally, students will compare sanctions from well-known and their smaller, lesser-known counterparts. The unchanged NCAA will also be studied. The final product will result in a polished   and potential film.

Questions 8-14
Complete the short answers below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in 8-14 on your answer sheet.

8. What may be found in the Parkhurst Cat Food: Kitten Mix product?

9. Which factory appliance may have been affected?

10. On which part of the bag can you find the serial number?

11. Who can you contact if you have questions about the serial number?

12. Who should you bring your cat to in the case of illness?

13. What can customers receive when they return the contaminated food?

14. How long can customers expect to wait for the new Kitten Mix product?






Answer Sheet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
N/A
16
N/A
17
N/A
18
N/A
19
N/A
20
N/A
21
N/A
22
N/A
23
N/A
24
N/A
25
N/A
26
N/A
27
N/A
28
N/A
29
N/A
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


Reading Passage Vocabulary
Investigative Journalism / Cat Food


Read the information below and answer questions 1-7.

Calling All Graduate Students in Investigative Journalism! 

WHO: Gray Mount University graduate students wishing to be part of a major long-form journalism investigation into the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) may sign up for the JOUR 595 Specialized Reporting course.  The JOUR 595 course can be substituted for the JOUR 502 publication project course. 

WHEN: The class will take place during the Spring 2019 semester. The class will meet at 6 p.m. on Tuesday evenings.

WHAT: In this course, Gray Mount graduate students will conduct a probe into the actions of the NCAA on a variety of fronts. Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.

This course will seek to expand upon Gray Mount's previous results: The study of the “Pay for Play” issue found numerous instances where disparity seems to be the rule rather than the exception.  Our review of a wide assortment of NCAA violations by coaches has uncovered 74 instances of cheating offences, and has traced numerous cases where cheating athletes move from university to university without punishment by the NCAAThe probe will also examine the wide disparity in a comparison of sanctions against coaches at high profile schools versus smaller programs.

In addition to documenting the conferences and schools with the most violations, we have scrutinized the NCAA policies in the wildly popular “social network” craze and a variety of other rules, which has brought us to the question of whether the punishment in many cases fits the crime, especially since no substantial changes in NCAA rules have been implemented since 1985.

The project will be completed in Spring 2019 through diligent reporting, finding real people who have been affected by the issues above, and writing seamless long-form narrative about all of these issues.

The outcome will be a professionally polished series of reports that will be published and possibly framed into a documentary-length film.

CONTACT: Students must have completed 18 credit hours of coursework in the School of Communication. Anyone with questions can contact Professor Bill Findhurst at Bfindhurst@graymount.edu or 814-393-3226.


Read the information and answer the questions 8-14 below.

URGENT! Recall on Parkhurst Cat Food

Parkhurst Inc. would like to notify the public regarding a recent recall on the Parkhurst Cat Food: Kitten Mix product. The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor. Please note that this recall does not affect all Parkhurst products, but only the Cat Food: Kitten Mix product.

The affected bags include the serial numbers K70 to K879. Customers will be able to find these serial numbers on the bottom of each bag. In the case that you are not sure where to find the serial number, or if it is illegible, feel free to contact Customer Service at 807-377-2472.

If your cat has ingested the affected Kitten Mix product and is showing signs of sickness, please seek immediate care from a qualified veterinarian. To date, symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and sluggish behavior.

If you are currently in possession of any of these affected bags, you can return them to the store from which they were purchased. All customers who return the product will be entitled to a gift certificate for any Parkhurst product.

The Kitten Mix product will be back on shelves in approximately two weeks. Until then, we are happy to announce that our Small Cat product can be used as a suitable alternative.

1. The statement, “In this course, Gray Mount graduate students will conduct a probe into the actions of the NCAA on a variety of fronts.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'inquiry' is a synonym for 'probe'.
2. The first half of the statement, “Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'inconsistencies' is a synonym for 'disparities'.
3. The second half of the statement, “Under the discretion of Professor Bill Findhurst, Gray Mount students will document wide disparities in legal outcomes in an assortment of sanctions handed up by the NCAA over the past decade.” should be used to understand this question. In this case, 'violations' is a synonym for 'sanctions'.
4. The statement, “...and has traced numerous cases where cheating athletes move from university to university without punishment by the NCAA.” should be used to answer this question. The 'transfer' is another way to say 'move from university to university'.  
5. The statement, “The probe will also examine the wide disparity in a comparison of sanctions against coaches at high profile schools versus smaller programs.” should be used to answer this question. 'High profile' is a synonym for 'well-known'.
6. The statement, “...especially since no substantial changes in NCAA rules have been implemented since 1985.” should be used to answer this question. 'No substantial changes' is another way to say 'unchanged', and 'rules' is another way to say 'guidelines.
7. The statement, “The outcome will be a professionally polished series of reports that will be published and possibly framed into a documentary-length film.” should be used to answer this question. “Polished series of reports that will be published” can also be described as a “publication”.
8. The statement, “The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor.” proves that this is correct.
9. The statement, “The recall is due to the possibility of bacteria that may have been leaked into the factory's food processor.” proves that this is correct.
10. The statement, “Customers will be able to find these serial numbers on the bottom of each bag.” proves that this is correct.
11. The statement, “In the case that you are not sure where to find the serial number, or if it is illegible, feel free to contact Customer Service at 807-377-2472.” proves that this is correct.
12. The statement, “If your cat has ingested the affected Kitten Mix product and is showing signs of sickness, please seek immediate care from a qualified veterinarian” proves that this is correct.
13. The statement, “All customers who return the product will be entitled to a gift certificate for any Parkhurst product.” proves that this is correct.
14. The statement, “The Kitten Mix product will be back on shelves in approximately two weeks.” proves that this is correct.
 
IELTS General Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.


Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.


    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Sentence Completion
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Matching Headings
    Summary, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

 
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