IELTS® General Reading Practice 41

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Read the information below and answer questions 15-20.

Understanding Your Financial Priorities as a Board Member
Repercussions for Late-Paying Dues Members

All members on the Board of Directors (described as ‘The Board’ in this document) are expected to fulfill the financial obligations as outlined in the Statement of Financial Obligations. The following steps apply when a member’s account becomes delinquent. 

As soon as the member misses a board payment, a financial notice will be sent to the member in the mail. If it is not responded to in a prompt manner, the member is automatically not in good standing with the Board. When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater. 

If the situation is rectified, the member can regain status on The Board. If not, and the member becomes 30 Days Past Due, a meeting with The Board will take place. During the meeting, the group shall discuss the reasoning behind the lapse in payment and whether or not a solid plan can be put in place going forward.

At 60 Days Past Due, the member will not be able to hold a position and must step down from The Board. As such, the member will be placed on probation until the dues are paid in full, including interest. The Board will submit the request for a probationary payment schedule to the Financial Specialist of The Board. Once approved, a meeting will be established with the member in question to discuss future action.

The Termination Process must be initiated and completed within two weeks from the date on which the member is officially 90 Days Past Due. Once The Board receives the information regarding member termination, the members must vote to verify the termination.

Read the text below and answer questions 21-28.

Types of Time Off

In this excerpt of our Employee Handbook, please read through the different types of Time Off that can be taken by all Druster Co. employees.

 

INFORMATION

A - VACATIONS

All full-time and benefited part-time employees are eligible for vacation with pay, as accrued, in accordance with the following schedule. Employees are advised to complete their vacation within the fiscal year. Only a maximum of five (5) vacation days may be carried over to the next fiscal year, with the approval of the Executive Director, or, in the case of the Executive Director, by the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. All vacation time must be requested and approved at least two weeks in advance. Employees with five (5) or more years of service may take vacation time for the current year in advance of its being accrued.

B - PERSONAL DAYS 

Full-time employees are entitled to two (2) paid personal days per year to be used at the employee's discretion within the fiscal year. These days may be scheduled as half-days, at the employee’s discretion. When practical the scheduling of a personal day should be done at least one week before the day is taken and is subject to the approval of your supervisor. Without prior approval, a personal day will be considered an unexcused absence and subject to penalty.

C - SICK LEAVE

Sick time provides Full-time and Benefited part-time employees with paid time off to recover from illness or injury. Sick time is a privilege, not a right, and must not be abused.

Sick day pay will only be granted in cases where the employee must be absent from work for one of the following reasons: Personal illness, Serious illness of a member of the employee's immediate household which requires the employee's personal care and attention, Contact with or exposure to a contagious disease which may put other members of the staff at risk. Sick time should not be used for routine doctor or dental appointments scheduled during normal business hours.

D - JURY DUTY

Leave will be made available for employees to serve on jury duty with no loss of pay for the duration of the duty. An employee serving on jury duty shall receive compensation equal to his or her regular compensation and shall reimburse the company for all money, meals, and anything else earned through serving on a jury. Employees serving on jury duty may retain any allowance received for travel, food and lodging. 

E - MILITARY SERVICE

Military leave will be unpaid, but the employee may request payment, which must be approved.

F - BEREAVEMENT

Employees will be permitted three days paid bereavement leave upon the death of a member of their immediate family. (This includes parent, child, stepchild, spouse, brother, sister, grandparent, grandchild, mother-in-law, father-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, or other person residing in the same household.) One day (the day of the funeral) is granted for the death of other relatives. Upon request to the Executive Director, one or two additional paid days of bereavement leave may be granted, due to extenuating circumstances.

G - HOLIDAYS

Employees are paid only for holidays that fall on days they are scheduled to work.

15. delinquent - The statement, “The following steps apply when a member’s account becomes delinquent.” shows that this is correct.
16. financial notice - The statement, “As soon as the member misses a board payment, a financial notice will be sent to the member in the mail.” shows that this is correct.
17. late fee - The statement, “When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater.” shows that this is correct.
18. unpaid balance - The statement, “When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater.” shows that this is correct.
19. The Board - The statement, “If not, and the member becomes 30 Days Past Due, a meeting with The Board will take place.” shows that this is correct.
20. vote - The statement, “Once The Board receives the information regarding member termination, the members must vote to verify the termination.” shows that this is correct.
21. B - The statement, “These days may be scheduled as half-days, at the employee’s discretion.” shows that this is correct.
22. A - The statement, “Only a maximum of five (5) vacation days may be carried over to the next fiscal year…” shows that this is correct.
23. C - The statement, “Sick day pay will only be granted in cases where the employee must be absent from work for one of the following reasons: Personal illness, Serious illness of a member of the employee's immediate household which requires the employee's personal care and attention…”
24. D - The statement, “An employee serving on jury duty shall receive compensation equal to his or her regular compensation and shall reimburse the company for all money, meals, and anything else earned through serving on a jury.” proves this to be correct.
25. E - The statement, “Military leave will be unpaid, but the employee may request payment, which must be approved.” shows that this is correct.
26. B - The statement, “Without prior approval, a personal day will be considered an unexcused absence and subject to penalty.” shows that this is correct.
27. A - The statement, “All vacation time must be requested and approved at least two weeks in advance.” proves this to be correct.
28. F - The statement, “One day (the day of the funeral) is granted for the death of other relatives. Upon request to the Executive Director, one or two additional paid days of bereavement leave may be granted, due to extenuating circumstances.” proves this to be correct.



This reading practice simulates the second section of the IELTS General Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage(s) and answer questions 15-28.
Questions 15-20
Complete the flow chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in 15-20 on your answer sheet.

15

16

17

18

19

20

Questions 21-28

Read the session descriptions, A-G.

Which type of time-off corresponds to the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 21-27 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

21. A half day can be taken with this.

22. This is able to be carried over to the next year.

23. This should be taken if an employee’s child is ill.

24. The employee must reimburse the company for meals received.

25. This is unpaid unless explicitly requested and approved.

26. The employee can be penalized for not going through the correct procedures when requesting this.

27. Approval two weeks in advance is mandatory with this.

28. Only one day is given for this, unless otherwise requested.






Answer Sheet
1
N/A
2
N/A
3
N/A
4
N/A
5
N/A
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
10
N/A
11
N/A
12
N/A
13
N/A
14
N/A
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
N/A
30
N/A
31
N/A
32
N/A
33
N/A
34
N/A
35
N/A
36
N/A
37
N/A
38
N/A
39
N/A
40
N/A


Reading Passage Vocabulary



Read the information below and answer questions 15-20.

Understanding Your Financial Priorities as a Board Member
Repercussions for Late-Paying Dues Members

All members on the Board of Directors (described as ‘The Board’ in this document) are expected to fulfill the financial obligations as outlined in the Statement of Financial Obligations. The following steps apply when a member’s account becomes delinquent. 

As soon as the member misses a board payment, a financial notice will be sent to the member in the mail. If it is not responded to in a prompt manner, the member is automatically not in good standing with the Board. When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater. 

If the situation is rectified, the member can regain status on The Board. If not, and the member becomes 30 Days Past Due, a meeting with The Board will take place. During the meeting, the group shall discuss the reasoning behind the lapse in payment and whether or not a solid plan can be put in place going forward.

At 60 Days Past Due, the member will not be able to hold a position and must step down from The Board. As such, the member will be placed on probation until the dues are paid in full, including interest. The Board will submit the request for a probationary payment schedule to the Financial Specialist of The Board. Once approved, a meeting will be established with the member in question to discuss future action.

The Termination Process must be initiated and completed within two weeks from the date on which the member is officially 90 Days Past Due. Once The Board receives the information regarding member termination, the members must vote to verify the termination.

Read the text below and answer questions 21-28.

Types of Time Off

In this excerpt of our Employee Handbook, please read through the different types of Time Off that can be taken by all Druster Co. employees.

 

INFORMATION

A - VACATIONS

All full-time and benefited part-time employees are eligible for vacation with pay, as accrued, in accordance with the following schedule. Employees are advised to complete their vacation within the fiscal year. Only a maximum of five (5) vacation days may be carried over to the next fiscal year, with the approval of the Executive Director, or, in the case of the Executive Director, by the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. All vacation time must be requested and approved at least two weeks in advance. Employees with five (5) or more years of service may take vacation time for the current year in advance of its being accrued.

B - PERSONAL DAYS 

Full-time employees are entitled to two (2) paid personal days per year to be used at the employee's discretion within the fiscal year. These days may be scheduled as half-days, at the employee’s discretion. When practical the scheduling of a personal day should be done at least one week before the day is taken and is subject to the approval of your supervisor. Without prior approval, a personal day will be considered an unexcused absence and subject to penalty.

C - SICK LEAVE

Sick time provides Full-time and Benefited part-time employees with paid time off to recover from illness or injury. Sick time is a privilege, not a right, and must not be abused.

Sick day pay will only be granted in cases where the employee must be absent from work for one of the following reasons: Personal illness, Serious illness of a member of the employee's immediate household which requires the employee's personal care and attention, Contact with or exposure to a contagious disease which may put other members of the staff at risk. Sick time should not be used for routine doctor or dental appointments scheduled during normal business hours.

D - JURY DUTY

Leave will be made available for employees to serve on jury duty with no loss of pay for the duration of the duty. An employee serving on jury duty shall receive compensation equal to his or her regular compensation and shall reimburse the company for all money, meals, and anything else earned through serving on a jury. Employees serving on jury duty may retain any allowance received for travel, food and lodging. 

E - MILITARY SERVICE

Military leave will be unpaid, but the employee may request payment, which must be approved.

F - BEREAVEMENT

Employees will be permitted three days paid bereavement leave upon the death of a member of their immediate family. (This includes parent, child, stepchild, spouse, brother, sister, grandparent, grandchild, mother-in-law, father-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, or other person residing in the same household.) One day (the day of the funeral) is granted for the death of other relatives. Upon request to the Executive Director, one or two additional paid days of bereavement leave may be granted, due to extenuating circumstances.

G - HOLIDAYS

Employees are paid only for holidays that fall on days they are scheduled to work.

15. delinquent - The statement, “The following steps apply when a member’s account becomes delinquent.” shows that this is correct.
16. financial notice - The statement, “As soon as the member misses a board payment, a financial notice will be sent to the member in the mail.” shows that this is correct.
17. late fee - The statement, “When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater.” shows that this is correct.
18. unpaid balance - The statement, “When the member is 15 Days Past Due, he or she will receive a late fee on the next set of membership dues, which will either be 5% of the unpaid balance or $10.00, whichever is greater.” shows that this is correct.
19. The Board - The statement, “If not, and the member becomes 30 Days Past Due, a meeting with The Board will take place.” shows that this is correct.
20. vote - The statement, “Once The Board receives the information regarding member termination, the members must vote to verify the termination.” shows that this is correct.
21. B - The statement, “These days may be scheduled as half-days, at the employee’s discretion.” shows that this is correct.
22. A - The statement, “Only a maximum of five (5) vacation days may be carried over to the next fiscal year…” shows that this is correct.
23. C - The statement, “Sick day pay will only be granted in cases where the employee must be absent from work for one of the following reasons: Personal illness, Serious illness of a member of the employee's immediate household which requires the employee's personal care and attention…”
24. D - The statement, “An employee serving on jury duty shall receive compensation equal to his or her regular compensation and shall reimburse the company for all money, meals, and anything else earned through serving on a jury.” proves this to be correct.
25. E - The statement, “Military leave will be unpaid, but the employee may request payment, which must be approved.” shows that this is correct.
26. B - The statement, “Without prior approval, a personal day will be considered an unexcused absence and subject to penalty.” shows that this is correct.
27. A - The statement, “All vacation time must be requested and approved at least two weeks in advance.” proves this to be correct.
28. F - The statement, “One day (the day of the funeral) is granted for the death of other relatives. Upon request to the Executive Director, one or two additional paid days of bereavement leave may be granted, due to extenuating circumstances.” proves this to be correct.
 
IELTS General Reading Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all reading questions.

Tips to improve your reading speed
To get a high score on the IELTS reading section, you need to have a fast reading speed. To have a fast reading speed, you need to improve your vocabulary and practice dissecting sentences. One strategy to dissect a sentence is to look for the subject and verb of the sentence. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a IELTS reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing. Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow.


Keep in mind, having a slow reading speed makes skimming or scanning a reading passage more difficult. The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your IELTS reading score. In other words, skimming and scanning are critical skills to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.
IELTS Reading Strategies
Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, 220 words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Here is a step by step guide for tackling the reading section.

  1. Step 1: Read questions first

    One of the most common mistakes that candidates make when approaching the reading exam is reading every single word of the passages. Although you can practice for the exam by reading for pleasure, "reading blindly" (reading without any sense of what the questions will ask) will not do you any favors in the exam. Instead, it will hurt your chances for effectively managing your time and getting the best score.

    The main reason to read the questions first is because the type of question may determine what you read in the passage or how you read it. For example, some question types will call for the "skimming" technique, while others may call for the "scanning" technique.

    It is important to answer a set of questions that are of the same question type. You'll need to determine which question type you want to tackle first. A good strategy would be to start with the easier question type and move on to more difficult question types later. The Easiest question types are the ones where you spend less time reading. For example, the Matching Heading question type is an easier one because you only need to find the heading that best describes the main idea of a paragraph. An example of a difficult question type would be Identifying Information. For this question type, you'll need to read each paragraph to find out if each statement is TRUE, FALSE, or NOT GIVEN according to the passage.

    Here is a table that lists the difficulty levels for each question type. Use this table as a reference when choosing which question type you want to tackle first.


    Difficulty level Question Type
    Easy Sentence Completion
    Short answer
    Medium Matching Features
    Multiple choice
    Matching Headings
    Summary, Table, Flow-Chart Completion
    Difficult Matching Sentence Endings
    Matching Information
    Identifying Information (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
    Identifying Viewer's claims (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN)

  2. Step 2: Read for an objective

    After you've read the questions for the passage, you will be able to read for an objective. What does this mean? For example, if you come across a question that includes the year "1896", you can make a note of when this year comes up in the text, using it to answer the question later on. There are two reading techniques that will help you stay on track with reading for an objective. The first one, skimming, is best defined as reading fast in order to get the "gist", or general idea, or a passage. With this technique, you are not stopping for any unfamiliar words or looking for specific details. The second technique, scanning, is best defined as reading for specific information. With this technique, you are not reading for the overall gist, but rather, specific information. Notice how each of these techniques has a specific objective in mind. This will help you find information more quickly.

  3. Step 3: Take notes

    As you're reading for an objective, you should also be making notes on the margins of the passage, placing stars next to key information, or underlining things that you believe will help you answer the various questions. This will make it easier for you to check back when you are asked certain things in the questions. Choose whichever note-taking system is right for you - just make sure you do it!

  4. Step 4: Answer wisely

    After you've read the questions, read the passage, and have taken any appropriate notes, you you should have located the part of the text where you where you need to read carefully. Then just read carefully and think critically to determine the correct answer.

 
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