Listening Script Vocabulary
(Section 2: You will hear a tour guide talking to a group of visitors at the Natural History Museum. First, you will have some time to look at questions 11 to 21 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 21.)
G: Good morning, everybody. Thanks for joining me today at the Natural History Museum here in South Kensington. First of all, I'll give you a quick overview of what we're going to do this morning on the Dinosaur Trail. The trail will take approximately one hour to complete and it's suitable for visitors of all ages. For our disabled visitors, there are wheelchairs located at the Information Centre just inside the entrance and these can be borrowed for free. And all floors in the Blue, Green and Red zones are accessible by lift.
Now, the Dinosaur Trail is a fantastic introduction for those who are big on museums, but short on time. Our knowledgeable visitor assistants have designed the tour to introduce you to some of the Museum's most famous and imposing specimens.
We'll start with the most popular gallery, Dinosaurs, where you can get up close to prehistoric dinosaurs, including the skull of a plant-eating Triceratops. Now, the triceratops is one of my personal favourites, so I'll just tell you a little bit about it now before you see it for yourselves. 'Triceratops' literally means 'three horned face' and this dinosaur looks a bit like a modern rhinoceros, because of its instantly recognisable head. It is one of the most popular dinosaurs, and has been featured in films, on postage stamps, and in many other types of media.
It shared the prehistoric landscape with the Tyrannosaurus, which probably hunted it for food. You have probably seen pictures and movies showing them fighting but this is probably not realistic. The reasons for the three distinctive horns on its head are not clear. Traditionally, people have thought of these horns as defensive weapons against larger dinosaurs, including the Tyrannosaurus. However, more recent theories are based on the fact that there are blood vessels in the horns, and scientists now think that it is more likely that the horns were used for identification, for finding a mate, and for showing off strength and power in a group. This is similar to how goats and deer use their horns or antlers.
Also in the Dinosaur Gallery, we'll take a look at an Iguanodon, one of the first species ever described as a dinosaur, and a Baryonyx, which is one of the largest meat-eating dinosaurs ever discovered in Europe. And don't forget to look for the huge T. Rex hidden in the shadows.
When we exit the Dinosaur gallery, we will continue on to the magnificent Hintze Hall. There you'll find one of the most historically important dinosaur skeletons, a 129-million-year-old Mantellisaurus. This is one of the most complete dinosaur fossils ever discovered in the UK. This dinosaur has only recently claimed its true identity – for 80 years people believed it was a species of Iguanodon.
After that, we'll continue into the Fossil Gallery. These creatures lived in the oceans at the same time that land dinosaurs walked the Earth. Here you will find a Jurassic crocodile that lived in the sea and hundreds of fossils that inspired stories of sea dragons.
Next, we'll visit the Earth Hall. Here you'll come face-to-face with the world's most complete Stegosaurus skeleton ever found. It is three metres tall and six metres long. We don't know the dinosaur's exact age, but we do know that it wasn't an adult. This Stegosaurus individual lived about 150 million years ago, during the Late Jurassic period.
Finally, to end our trip, we'll take an atmospheric escalator ride up through a model of the Earth. You can then use the stairs or lift to descend to Floor 1, or if you need to refuel after your prehistoric tour, you can then visit the café, which is located next to the Marine Life Gallery in the Red Zone.