Listening Script Vocabulary
(Section 2: You will hear a tour guide talking to a group of visitors at a nature reserve. First, you will have some time to look at questions 11 to 14 [20 seconds]. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 14.)
I: Hello, Listeners. Today we have Chris Leven in the studio with us to talk about hill walking. Now, Chris is something of an expert in hill walking being the leader of the local Hill Rangers Club that organises walks and camping trips in the beautiful hills in the region for walkers of all ages and abilities. Now, Chris is going to give us some advice about how to make a success of a hill-walking trip. Chris, what are your tips?
C: Hello, everyone. Well, the first thing I'd recommend is checking the weather forecast before you set out for your trip. The weather, more than almost anything else I can think of, has a huge impact on the success of most trips. A lovely sunny day with a cool breeze is ideal for walking, so in this part of the world, I always say April to September are lovely months for walking. The temperatures are warm for the region then – though it never really gets hot here! If you're planning to camp overnight, remember that it gets quite cold in the evenings, even in the summer, and you definitely need to bring something warm to sleep in. My top tips are to always bring extra socks. That way, if your feet get wet, you have a spare pair to change into. And never carry too much. You need enough supplies for your walk, and a little extra water and food to be on the safe side. But carrying too much will just make your back ache, and then you'll be miserable.
(Before you hear the rest of the talk, you will have some time to look at questions 15 to 21 [20 seconds]. Now, listen and answer questions 15 to 21.)
I: Right. And are there any dangers involved in hill walking?
C: Sure. I mean, on the whole, hill walking is safe and accessible to people of most ages and abilities. That's the beauty of the sport. But, you're right, there are some dangers and the main one, I suppose, is, as I said, unexpected changes in the weather because if your boots get wet in the rain or you haven't brought a waterproof coat because the sun was out when you left the house, you'll get soaked. That's not only uncomfortable but can also be quite dangerous and you can easily catch a chill. On the other hand, if you overheat in the sun, you'll get very burnt because you haven't brought sunscreen. That's also dangerous. You might also get dehydrated.
I: Right. I see. Now, before the show, we were chatting about something called 'orienteering'. Can you explain to the listeners what that is?
C: Mmm, of course. Orienteering is basically using a map and compass to navigate between landmarks. You have to punch or stamp a card at each landmark you reach, and you are racing against the clock to get the best time.
I: And is it dangerous?
C: Not at all! I mean, perhaps if you behave recklessly. You could get lost or injure yourself trying to take a short cut. I suppose that can be quite scary for beginners. And also, it could be dangerous, of course, if you aren't experienced at orienteering or if you're simply not paying attention. For most sensible people, though, it's perfectly safe. But most of all, it's great fun to be running around in the fresh air, taking in all the beautiful scenery.
I: I see. And camping. What kind of preparations do you have to make before going on a camping trip?
C: Well, you don't want to run out of warm layers, so bring as many blankets and thick jumpers as you can from home. If you're travelling to your destination by car, bring as many as you can manage. It's worth leaving behind bulky equipment like bikes and tennis racquets for kids if it means you can bring more blankets. The other thing is that in the middle of the countryside your mobile may not have a good signal, or indeed any signal at all, so you really would be stuck if your battery ran down. So, get a car charger, at least one and preferably two. Also, the best preparation is to never plan a camping trip alone. You should always go with a walking partner, or even better, with a group. It's just much safer.
I: Yes, well that certainly makes sense. And what about special equipment? What did you need to take with you?
C: Right. Well, you need a good rucksack, obviously, to hold all your supplies and equipment, and it should be comfortable to carry. So, you need one that is deep enough to hold everything. Pockets that are easily accessible are always handy for carrying water, tissues and your phone etc. And it also needs to be completely waterproof. Imagine if all your stuff got wet, just because it rained. It would be a disaster! Many cheaper rucksacks aren't waterproof so it's worth investing in a better quality one. If you can't do that, at least line your rucksack with plastic bags to keep the contents dry. Also, comfort is very important, and you want to avoid any rucksack that rubs against your shoulders and hips when you carry it. You'll be wearing it for a good part of the day so one with padded shoulder and hip straps is essential, in my view.
I: Right. Well, that was very interesting, Chris. Thanks for all the tips.
C: You're welcome!
The conjunction "and" is always used with the preposition 'between'.
Between + noun + and + noun