IELTS Academic Writing Practice 1

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You will have 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%).

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Word Count: 0

 
QUESTION:

The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%).

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Word Count: 0

 
Question

The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%).

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

zoom_inView paragraph analysis
QUESTION:

The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%).

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The chart illustrates several important living issues faced by inhabitants of seven major UK cities (Newcastle, Belfast, Birmingham, Cardiff, Manchester, Glasgow, and London) in 2008.  Units are given in percentages.

Overall, health services proved to be the most important living issue in most cities, with education and training a close second.  Least worrisome of all to UK residents was air pollution that year which on average seems around five times less important to city populations there.

Regarding health services, in five of the seven cities, over 50% of city residents stated it as their number one living issue.  This was especially true in Belfast and Cardiff where almost 60% of inhabitants were troubled.   Education and training fell a close second for all city populations with a less than 10% difference between the two results, with the exception of Glasgow (53%) and London (52%) where it had become the biggest problem.

With respect to air pollution, only Manchester (16%), London (14%) and Cardiff (12%) had more than ten percent of their inhabitants concerned.  Least of all worried about air pollution were those in Newcastle of whom only 5% of people stated this as an issue.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The chart illustrate several important living issue faced inhabitants of seven major UK cities (Newcastle, Belfast, Birmingham, Cardiff, Manchester, Glasgow, and London) in 2008.  Units is given in percentages.

Overall, health services proving be the most important living issue in most cities. With education and training a close second.  Least worry of all to UK residents was air pollution that year which on average seems around five time less important to city population there.

Regarding health services, in five of the seven city, over 50% of city resident stated it as their number one living issue.  This was especially true in Belfast and Cardiff, almost 60% of residents were troubled.   Education and training fell close second for all city populations with a less than 10% difference between the two results, with the exception of Glasgow (53%) and London (52%) where it become the biggest problem.

With respect air pollution, only Manchester (16%), London (14%) and Cardiff (12%) had more than ten percent of their inhabitants concerning.  Least all worried about air pollution is those in Newcastle of who only 5% of people state this as an issue.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at the X-axis first.  You have three issues so use these to give your writing structure.  Look for overall trends first. What issues worries residents the most in all cities, and which the least?
  2. Look at the Y-axis next.  Which cities care the most about which issues?  Which care the least?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Health Services the most worrisome issue for most cities
Education almost = health

Air pollution least worrisome issue

Health & Education

Health Services 5/7 cities most important

Education second in 5/7 (expt. Glas and Lon)

Air Pollution

Air pollution 3 cities > 10% of population worried.
Newcastle least worried (5%)

QUESTION:

The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%).

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State what the bar chart shows
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first grouping of information
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second grouping of information
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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