IELTS Academic Writing Practice 11

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The line graph below shows population projections (millions) for German citizens over 65 from 2020 to 2050.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The line graph below shows population projections (millions) for German citizens over 65 from 2020 to 2050.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The line graph below shows population projections (millions) for German citizens over 65 from 2020 to 2050.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The line graph illustrates projections in the German population aged over 65 years from 2020 to 2050.  Results are given in millions of people.

Overall, the total population aged over 65 is predicted to increase over the time period, though after peaking in 2035, age groups vary in their projected numbers.

Regarding the total projection of people aged 65 and above, the number rises from 17.5 million in 2020 to a peak of 23 million before declining slightly by 2050 resulting in a projected increase of around 5 million.   When broken down by age group, those aged 65 to 79 increase gradually, rising from 13 million in 2020 to a peak of 16 million in 2035 then falling steadily to around 13.5 million by the end of the period.

In contrast, an overall rise is projected for the super-aged over 80, who should increase from 6 million in 2020 to over 10 million by 2050, almost doubling in number.

Submit

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The line graph illustrates projection in German populations aged over 65 years from 2020 till 2050.  Results are give in millions of people.

Overall, the total populations aged over 65  predicted to increase over the time period, though after peaking in 2035, age group varies in their projected number.

Regarding the total projection of people aged 65 and above, the number rises from 17.5 million in 2020 to peak of 23 millions before declining slightly by 2050, resulting in projected increase of around 5 million.   When broken down by age group, those aged 65 to 79 increased gradually, rising from 13 million in 2020 to a peak of 16 million in 2035 then falling steadily around 13.5 million by end of period.

In contrast an overall rise is projected for super-aged over 80, who should increase from 6 millions in 2020 to over 10 millions by 2050, almost double in number.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. What does each line chart have in common?  Where are the similarities and differences?  How does the change in over 65s differ to those over 80?   What would be a good way to logically separate the data into two body paragraphs?

Overall

Total population increases overall

After 2035, age brackets act differently

Total 65 + /

65–79

Total No. 17.5m to 23m then decreasing
65-79 increased initially, then fell

80 +

Gradually rose to 2035, increased more steadily

QUESTION:

The line graph below shows population projections (millions) for German citizens over 65 from 2020 to 2050.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from the line graph.
  • Paraphrase the question. Be specific but clear.
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first grouping of data
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second grouping of data
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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