IELTS Academic Writing Practice 31

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The pie chart below shows the native languages spoken by students at Bakersfield Senior College in two separate years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The pie chart below shows the native languages spoken by students at Bakersfield Senior College in two separate years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The pie chart below shows the native languages spoken by students at Bakersfield Senior College in two separate years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The two charts depict the proportion of Bakersfield Senior College students who spoke different native languages in 1980 and 1990.

On the whole, the pie graphs show that at Bakerfield Senior College, the percentage of students who spoke English decreased while those who spoke Urdu and Chinese rose.

In 1980, the largest group of students – seventy percent – had English as their mother tongue.  Urdu speakers comprised the next major group at 15% while Chinese and other languages were spoken by 9% and 6% of the student body.

By 1990, the sizes of the different language groups had changed. Where native speakers of English still made up the dominate group, the percentage of them shrank by 15%. Meanwhile, the number of Urdu speakers almost doubled to 28%, and Chinese speakers had increased to 11% of the total.  The proportion of speakers of other languages remained unchanged in both years.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The two chart depicted the proportion of Bakersfield Senior College student spoke different native languages in 1980 and 1990.

On the whole, pie graph show that at Bakerfield Senior College, percentage of students who spoke English decreasing while those who speak Urdu and Chinese rose.

In 1980, the largest group of student – seventy percent – had English as their mother tongue.  Urdu speakers comprising the next major group 15% while chinese and other languages were spoked by 9% and 6% of the student bodies.

By 1990, the sizes of a different language groups had changed.  Where native speaker of English still made up the dominate groups, the percentage of them shrinked by 15%. Meanwhile, the number of Urdu speaker almost doubling to 28%, and Chinese speaker had increased to 11% of the total.  The proportion of speakers of other languages remained unchanged in both year.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Consider the 1980 pie chart.  How is the percentage of each of the language groups different?  What is the largest/smallest segment?
  2. Now look at the 1990 chart.  Where are the changes and similarities?  How does the proportion of English native speakers change over the decade?  Which languages became more widely spoken during that time?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

% of students speaking other languages increased at the expense of English

1980

English 70%

Urdu 15%

Chinese / Other languages 9% / 6%

1990

Language group size changed.

English shrank to 55%

Urdu and Chinese 28% and 11%

Other languages Unchanged

QUESTION:

The pie chart below shows the native languages spoken by students at Bakersfield Senior College in two separate years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from both pie charts.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first pie chart
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second pie chart
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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