IELTS Academic Writing Practice 40

 
schedule20:00

The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The table shows the proportion of fifty-year-old adults who were never married over five decades in Japan.  The chart represents the Japanese marriage and divorce rate from 1970 to 2016.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Number of 50-year-old adults who never been married (%)

Year

Percentage

1970

2%

1980

4%

1990

7%

2000

12%

2010

15%

IELTS academic writing chart
Word Count: 0
 
Question

The table shows the proportion of fifty-year-old adults who were never married over five decades in Japan.  The chart represents the Japanese marriage and divorce rate from 1970 to 2016.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Number of 50-year-old adults who never been married (%)

Year

Percentage

1970

2%

1980

4%

1990

7%

2000

12%

2010

15%

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The table shows the proportion of fifty-year-old adults who were never married over five decades in Japan.  The chart represents the Japanese marriage and divorce rate from 1970 to 2016.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Number of 50-year-old adults who never been married (%)

Year

Percentage

1970

2%

1980

4%

1990

7%

2000

12%

2010

15%

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The table shows the number of adults in Japan (in thousands) between 1970 and 2010, who by age fifty had yet to marry.  The chart illustrates the marriage and divorce rate for Japanese people over a similar period of 46 years.

Overall, as the number of married couples significantly decreased over the period, the number of unmarried adults in Japan aged 50 increased, while the divorce rate rose, albeit gradually.

The table shows an increase in the proportion of unmarried Japanese nearing retirement age from 2% (1970) to 15% (2010), with a particularly high rise between 1990 and 2000 when the number considerably increased by 5%.

Fewer people getting married may similarly have affected the marriage rate which almost halved over forty years.  In 1970 over a million Japanese got married, which had decreased by a fifth in 1980, fluctuated slightly until 2000 before steadily falling again to over 600 thousand by 2016.  By contrast, Japan’s divorce rate doubled, though more gradually over the same period.  In 1970, the rate stood at around 100 thousand, increasing slowly to 175 thousand by 1990, peaking at approximately 280,000 in 2000 then plateauing from 2010 to 2016 at just over 200 thousand.

Submit

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The table shows number of adult in Japan (in thousand) between 1970 and 2010, who by age fifty had yet to marry.  The chart illustrates marriage and divorce rate for Japanese people over similar period of 46 years.

Overall, as the number of married couples significantly decreased over the period, the number of unmarry adults in Japan aged 50 increased, while the divorce rate rose, all be it gradual.

The table shows increase in proportion of unmarried Japanese nearing retirement age from 2% (1970) to 15% (2010), with particularly high rise between 1990 and 2000 when the number considerable increased with 5%.

Fewer people getting married may similarly have affect the marriage rate which almost halved over forty years.  In 1970 over million Japanese got married, which had decreased by a fifth in 1980, fluctuated slightly until 2000 before steadily falling again to over 600 thousand by 2016.  By contrast Japan’s divorce rate double, though more gradually over the same period. In 1970, rate stood around 100 thousand, increasing slowly to 175 thousand by 1990, peaking approximate 280,000 in 2000 then plateauing from 2010 to 2016 at just over 200 thousand.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at the table first.  Note the increase in Japanese aged 50 who never married.  Does this increase gradually or quickly over the period?
  2. Now consider the line chart.  Look at the marriage rate first.  How does line decrease? What are the peaks and troughs of the fall?  What is the total decrease over 40 years? (i.e. it halved)
  3. Regarding the divorce rate, what is the total increase over the time frame?  What are the peaks, fluctuations or falls of that increase by 2016.

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Marriage rate decreased

Unmarried Japanese over 50 increased

Divorce rate increase

Unmarried Japanese

Aged 50 & unmarried increased 2% to 15%

1990-2000 big increase

Marriage vs. Divorce Rate

Marriage rate halved (fluctuated, decreased to 600,000)

Divorce rate doubled (gradually)

QUESTION:

The table shows the proportion of fifty-year-old adults who were never married over five decades in Japan.  The chart represents the Japanese marriage and divorce rate from 1970 to 2016.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Number of 50-year-old adults who never been married (%)

Year

Percentage

1970

2%

1980

4%

1990

7%

2000

12%

2010

15%

Step 2: Planning
Step 3: Write the essay
 
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