IELTS Academic Writing Practice 18

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The table demonstrates the change in six types of transportation used by commuters in three cities between 2000 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Changes in Market Share for six different types of transportation between 2000 and 2010

City

Personal Vehicles

Mass Transit

Bicycle

Walk

Work at Home

Other

Melbourne

-2.9

15.7

17.2

-4.4

-3.9

10.8

Sydney

-2.9

10.6

31

-3.5

0.6

11.2

Perth

-3.3

21

11.3

4

-3.9

30.2

Word Count: 0
 
Question

The table demonstrates the change in six types of transportation used by commuters in three cities between 2000 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Changes in Market Share for six different types of transportation between 2000 and 2010

City

Personal Vehicles

Mass Transit

Bicycle

Walk

Work at Home

Other

Melbourne

-2.9

15.7

17.2

-4.4

-3.9

10.8

Sydney

-2.9

10.6

31

-3.5

0.6

11.2

Perth

-3.3

21

11.3

4

-3.9

30.2

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The table demonstrates the change in six types of transportation used by commuters in three cities between 2000 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Changes in Market Share for six different types of transportation between 2000 and 2010

City

Personal Vehicles

Mass Transit

Bicycle

Walk

Work at Home

Other

Melbourne

-2.9

15.7

17.2

-4.4

-3.9

10.8

Sydney

-2.9

10.6

31

-3.5

0.6

11.2

Perth

-3.3

21

11.3

4

-3.9

30.2

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The table illustrates the percentage change in market share of six different forms of transportation used by commuters in three cities over a decade.

Overall, greener transportation types such as bicycle and mass transit increased in all three cities especially Sydney and Perth.  Personal vehicles, in contrast, had tended to become less popular by 2010.

The highest increases in market share in general were recorded by bicycles and mass transit.  Sydney had the most significant gain in market share of around a third, while mass transit use posted the biggest increase of just over a fifth.

Regarding other kinds of transportation, walking and using personal vehicles decreased slightly in popularity over the decade, though walking witnessed a slight market share gain in Perth of 4%.  Similarly, the attractiveness of working at home declined somewhat in Melbourne and Perth though showed a slim market gain of 0.6% in Sydney.  Meanwhile, other forms of transport also increased their share of the market, most significantly in Perth by around a third.

Submit

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The table illustrate the percentage change in market share of six different form of transportation use by commuter in three city over decade.

Overall, greener transportation type such as bicycle and mass transition increasing in all three city especially Sydney and Perth.  Personal vehicles, in contrast, have tended to become less popular by 2010.

The highest increase in market share in general were recorded by bicycle and mass transiting.  Sydney had most signify gain in market share of around third, while mass transit using posted the biggest increase of just over fifth.

Regarding other kind of transporting, walking and using personal vehicle decreased slightly popularity over the decade, though walking witnessed slight market share gain in Perth of 4%.  Similarly, the attractiveness of working at home decline somewhat in Melbourne and Perth though showed slim market gain of 0.6% in Sydney. Meanwhile, other forms of transport also increase their share of the market, most significantly in Perth by around third.

Show answer keyboard_arrow_down
 
Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at all the columns.  How can the categories be grouped together?  What trends are there between different transport types?  What were the most and least popular ways to travel over the decade given?  Are there any relationships between your groupings and the data?
  2. Look at each city. Which cities showed the biggest change according to your groupings?  Which cities saw little to no change?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Greener transport forms increased the most/all cities

Personal transportation decreased the most

Green forms of transport

Bicycles and mass transit increased the most

Bicycle Sydney (31%)

Mass transit Perth (21%)

Other kinds of transport

Personal vehicle use & walking decreased slightly

walking decreased (expt. Perth by 1/3)

Working at home declined (expt. Sydney)

Other forms rose (esp. Perth)

QUESTION:

The table demonstrates the change in six types of transportation used by commuters in three cities between 2000 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Changes in Market Share for six different types of transportation between 2000 and 2010

City

Personal Vehicles

Mass Transit

Bicycle

Walk

Work at Home

Other

Melbourne

-2.9

15.7

17.2

-4.4

-3.9

10.8

Sydney

-2.9

10.6

31

-3.5

0.6

11.2

Perth

-3.3

21

11.3

4

-3.9

30.2

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State what the table shows.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe first grouping of information
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe second grouping of information
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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