IELTS Academic Writing Practice 20

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The table below gives the average time spent and distance traveled by UK commuters in one year.  Time and distance are given in minutes and miles accordingly.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Commuting Habits of different regions of the UK in a year

UK Region

Average Commuting Time (minutes)

Average Commuting Distance (miles)

London

54

14

South East

78

20

Scotland

45

19

West Midlands

39

18

North West

36

18

Northern Ireland

36

15

Yorkshire & Humberside

36

14

South West

34

16

East Anglia

33

15

North East

32

19

East Midlands

32

15

Wales

27

14

 

Word Count: 0
 
Question

The table below gives the average time spent and distance traveled by UK commuters in one year.  Time and distance are given in minutes and miles accordingly.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Commuting Habits of different regions of the UK in a year

UK Region

Average Commuting Time (minutes)

Average Commuting Distance (miles)

London

54

14

South East

78

20

Scotland

45

19

West Midlands

39

18

North West

36

18

Northern Ireland

36

15

Yorkshire & Humberside

36

14

South West

34

16

East Anglia

33

15

North East

32

19

East Midlands

32

15

Wales

27

14

 

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

zoom_inView paragraph analysis
QUESTION:

The table below gives the average time spent and distance traveled by UK commuters in one year.  Time and distance are given in minutes and miles accordingly.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Commuting Habits of different regions of the UK in a year

UK Region

Average Commuting Time (minutes)

Average Commuting Distance (miles)

London

54

14

South East

78

20

Scotland

45

19

West Midlands

39

18

North West

36

18

Northern Ireland

36

15

Yorkshire & Humberside

36

14

South West

34

16

East Anglia

33

15

North East

32

19

East Midlands

32

15

Wales

27

14

 

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The table shows data on the average commuting time (minutes) and distance (miles) completed by UK citizens in 12 different regions in one year.

Overall, with the exception of London, the further people travel, the more time they need to reach work people.  Commuters in the south east region spend the longest time commuting over the greatest distance, whereas people in Wales spend the least.  

Regarding the top three UK regions, on average, people in the south east travel both the farthest and longest at 20 miles over 78 minutes.   Likewise inhabitants of Scotland journey a similar distance to work, yet spend almost half the time doing so at 45 minutes to get there, while those living in London spend the second-longest time travelling (54 minutes) over just 14 miles.

Of the other regions, people in the West Midlands spent the most time travelling at 39 minutes whereas those in Wales recorded the lowest time at 27 minutes.  With regard to distance, residents of the North East, West Midlands and North West recorded the greatest mileage at 19, 18 and 18 miles respectively, while people in Yorkshire and Humberside as well as Wales both travelled the shortest distance to work of all at 14 miles.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The table show data on the average commuting time (minutes) and distance (miles) complete by UK citizens in 12 different region in one year.

Overall, with exception of London, further people travel, more time they need reach work people.  Commuter in south east region spend the longest time commuting over the greatest distance, whereas people in Wales spend the least.  

Regarding the top three UK regions, on average, people in south east travel both the farthest and longest at 20 miles over 78 minutes.   Likewise inhabitants of Scotland journey similar distance to work, yet spend almost half doing so at 45 minutes to get there, while those living in London spend the second-longest time travelling (54 minutes) over just 14 miles.

Of the other region, people in West Midlands spent most time travelling at 39 minutes whereas those in Wales record the lowest time at 27 minutes.  With regard to distance, residents of North East, West Midlands and North West record the greatest mileage at 19, 18 and 18 miles respectively, while people in Yorkshire and Humberside as well as Wales both travelled shorter distance to work of all at 14 mile.

Show answer keyboard_arrow_down
 
Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look at all the columns.  What is the general relationship between distance and time for all regions? How is London (city) different?
  2. Look at the rows.  Can we group the data in any way?  What is different about the first three regions listed?  What are the highest and lowest figures for both distance and time?

Now make your own plan using the above questions,

Overall

Travel time highest (London), lowest (Wales)

Trend longer distance = greater travel time (expt. London)

Top 3 regions

South East longest at 78’ /20miles

Scotland half the time/similar distance

London second longest / 14 miles

Other regions

Longest time West Midlands

Shortest time  Wales

Greatest mileage NE/WM/NW

Lowest mileage Yorkshire and Humberside/ Wales

 

The table below gives the average time spent and distance traveled of UK commuters in one year.  Time and distance are given in minutes and miles accordingly.

QUESTION:

The table below gives the average time spent and distance traveled by UK commuters in one year.  Time and distance are given in minutes and miles accordingly.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Commuting Habits of different regions of the UK in a year

UK Region

Average Commuting Time (minutes)

Average Commuting Distance (miles)

London

54

14

South East

78

20

Scotland

45

19

West Midlands

39

18

North West

36

18

Northern Ireland

36

15

Yorkshire & Humberside

36

14

South West

34

16

East Anglia

33

15

North East

32

19

East Midlands

32

15

Wales

27

14

 

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State what the table shows.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe first grouping of information
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe second grouping of information
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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