IELTS Academic Writing Practice 34

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The pie charts below show the proportion of freshwater withdrawals made by various economy sectors in three countries in a given year.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The pie charts below show the proportion of freshwater withdrawals made by various economy sectors in three countries in a given year.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

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QUESTION:

The pie charts below show the proportion of freshwater withdrawals made by various economy sectors in three countries in a given year.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The pie charts illustrate how freshwater is withdrawn by seven industry sectors in three different countries, (the USA, Mexico, and Canada) over one year.

Overall, agriculture was the primary user of fresh water in the USA, while the electricity and gas sector predominated in Canada and Mexico. Fresh water use then varied between each country with some similarities.

In the USA, agriculture withdrew 67% of all fresh water followed by households (9%), public supply (8%), and electricity and gas at 7%.  Remaining water users together comprised just 9% of total water consumption.  

In contrast to the USA, Mexico and Canada used water mainly for electricity and gas with the sector accounting for 45% and 58% respectively. In Mexico, agriculture made up the second largest water consumer at around a third, while public supply was the third largest user with 12% of the total.    In Canada, however, after power generation, industry used almost a fifth (18%) of total freshwater followed by agriculture and households at 8% and 7%.  

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The pie charts illustration how freshwater was withdrawn by seven industry sector in three different countries, (the USA, Mexico, and Canada) on one year.

Overall, agriculture is primary user of fresh water in USA, while the electricity and gas sector predomination in Canada and Meksico. Fresh water using then vary between each country with some similarity.

In USA, agriculture withdrew 67% of all fresh water followed households (9%), public supply (8%), and electricity and gas at 7%.  Remain water users together comprise just 9% of total water consumption.

In contrast to USA, Mexico and Canada used water main for electricity and gas with the sector accounting 45% and 58% respectively. In Mexico, agriculture made the second largest water consumer at around third, while public supply was the third largest user with 12% of the total.    In Canada however after power generation, industry used almost a fifth (18%) of total freshwater followed by agriculture and household at 8% and 7%.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Look the pie chart for the USA.  What are the largest /smallest segments?
  2. Consider the other two pie charts.  What are the largest/smallest segments for those?  Are there any similarities or contrasts with the USA?

Now make your own plan using the above questions.

Overall

Primary agriculture (USA), electricity & gas (Mex & Can)

Fresh water use varied in other segments

USA

Agriculture (primary) followed by households, public supply, electricity & gas

Mexico & Canada

Both Electricity and gas (primary)

Mexico agriculture, public supply

Canada industry, households, agriculture

QUESTION:

The pie charts below show the proportion of freshwater withdrawals made by various economy sectors in three countries in a given year.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from both pie charts.
  • Paraphrase the question
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first pie chart
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second pie chart
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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