IELTS Academic Writing Practice 12

 
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The Writing Task 1 of the IELTS Academic test requires you to write a summary of at least 150 words in response to a particular graph (bar, line or pie graph), table, chart, or process (how something works, how something is done). This task tests your ability to select and report the main features, to describe and compare data, identify significance and trends in factual information, or describe a process.

You Should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • - Write in a formal style
  • - Write at least 150 words
QUESTION:

The line graph below shows the monthly ridership of four separate transportation forms in a European metropolitan area between 1980 and 2030.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic writing chart
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Question

The line graph below shows the monthly ridership of four separate transportation forms in a European metropolitan area between 1980 and 2030.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Your Essay

Please click MOCK TEST to write an essay for this question.

 
Model Essay
Important functional words are highlighted in bold

zoom_inView paragraph analysis
QUESTION:

The line graph below shows the monthly ridership of four separate transportation forms in a European metropolitan area between 1980 and 2030.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Composition Exercise
Fill in the gaps with the words or expressions in bold used in the model essay above.

The line graph compares figures for monthly travel by commuters in a European urban area using four means of transportation (subway, tram, bus, bike share) over a period of 50 years.

Overall, although the subway was certainly the most popular means of transport throughout the period, other forms of travel became increasingly popular, while bus usage declined.

In 1980, subway ridership, which totaled 2.5 million people, increased to 3.5 million by 2010 before being projected to rise significantly to 4.5 million by 2030.   On the other hand, bus ridership, the second most popular way to reach work fifty years ago at around 1.6 million, has steadily fallen and is projected to further decline after 2020 to under 1 million users by 2030.

Of other transportation forms, Tram usage should increase the most significantly.  From less than a quarter of a million people in 1980, tram commuters overtook bus riders in 2010 and are expected to increase to over 2 million by 2030.    Meanwhile, although bike share use didn’t become popular until 2000, its yearly rise since then is anticipated to begin to challenge bus ridership by 2030.

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Revision Exercise
Each sentence in the report below contains one or two errors. Errors may be grammar or punctuation based. A list of the common errors used with answer is given at the end.

The line graph compare figure for monthly travel by commuters in European urban area using four means of transportations (subway, tram, bus, bike share) during period of 50 years.

Overall, although the subway is certainly the most popular mean of transport throughout period, other form of travel becoming increasingly popular, while bus usage declining.

In 1980, subway ridership, which totaled 2.5 million peoples, increasing 3.5 millions by 2010 before projected to rose significant to 4.5 million by 2030.   On the other hand bus ridership, the second most popular way to reach work fifty years ago around 1.6 million, has steadily fallen and is projected to further decline after 2020 to under 1 million users by 2030.

Of other transportation forms, Tram usage should increase the most significantly.  From less than quarter of million people in 1980, tram commuter overtook bus rider in 2010 and are expected to increase to over 2 million by 2030.    Meanwhile, although bike share use didn’t become popular until 2000 its yearly rise since then was anticipated to begin to challenge bus ridership by 2030.

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Step 1: Analyzing question

Find the Trends: (3-4 mins)

Look for key points and trends in the data

  1. Which form of transport is the most popular over the period?   What is the least popular during that time? How can the categories be grouped together to construct two body paragraphs?
  2. Since we’re looking at a long time frame here, we can consider 1980 until 2010 when there was some change bus and tram.  Then from 2010 to 2030.
  3. Alternatively, we could look at two sets of categories in one body paragraph, and the other two in the second paragraph.

Overall

Subway the most popular form

Other transport types increase

Bus declines

Subway & Bus

Subway increases to 4.5 million (2030)

Bus usage declined to well under a million users (2030)

Tram & Bike share

Tram ridership overtook bus (x 4 over period)

Bike Share projected almost a million users

QUESTION:

The line graph below shows the monthly ridership of four separate transportation forms in a European metropolitan area between 1980 and 2030.  

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features making comparisons where relevant.  

Write at least 150 words.

Step 2: Planning
Introduction: (2 mins)
  • State all the important information from the line graph.
  • Paraphrase the question. Be specific but clear.
Overview: (3 mins)
  • Summarise the overall trends as you see them.
  • List key differences but not numbers.
Body Paragraph 1 (5 mins):
  • Describe the first grouping of data
Body Paragraph 2 (5 mins):
  • Describe the second grouping of data
Check work (1-2 mins)

If you have many grammar/spelling mistakes, you could check your work sentence by sentence to help you quickly reduce them. Otherwise, you should spend a few minutes at the end of the writing period to check for the following.

Step 3: Write the essay
 
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