TOEFL® Vocabulary List

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Words that start with l
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landmass keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/land-mass/ [l.ae1.n.d.m.ae2.s]

Definition: A continent or other large body of land.

Example sentences:

  • This stress was to lead to the break-up of the land mass, first appearing in the vicinity of the South Atlantic and the Indian Ocean

lap something up keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/lap some-thing up/ [no ipa available]

Definition: to accept or believe something with enthusiasm

Example sentences:

  • They lapped up the lies without questioning anything.

larval keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/lar-val/ [l.aa1.r.v.ah0.l]

Definition: The active immature form of an insect

Example senences:

  • The life cycle of a butterfly includes four stages: egg, caterpillar or larva, pupa, and adult.

 

lateral keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/lat-er-al/ [l.ae1.t.er0.ah0.l]

Definition: Of, at, toward, or from the side or sides

Example sentences:

  • For propagation, cut off the lateral rosettes with roots during March to April or September to October and plant in ordinary soil.

launch keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/launch/ [l.ao1.n.ch]

Definition: to cause something to begin

Example sentences:

  • The applicaion, which launched earlier this year, features a range of routines to build strength, increase flexibility, improve endurance and burn calories.
  • The company is launching a team feature that aims to make its file hosting service a better tool for workplace collaboration.

legislation keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
/leg-is-la-tion/ [l.eh2.jh.ah0.s.l.ey1.sh.ah0.n]

Definition:

Example sentences:

    leniency keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /le-nien-cy/ [l.iy1.n.y.ah0.n.s.iy0]

    Definition: The fact or quality of being more merciful or tolerant than expected; clemency:

    Example sentences:

    • The son pleads guilty, tearfully begging for leniency based on his claim that his father molested him.

    lesion keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /le-sion/ [l.iy1.zh.ah0.n]

    Definition: A region in an organ or tissue which has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, or tumour.

    Example sentences:

    • It was felt the likely cause of the abscess was an open lesion from the patient's severe eczema.

    lethargy keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lethar-gy/ [l.eh1.th.er0.jh.iy0]

    Definition: inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy

    Example sentences:

    • Symptoms of antifreeze poisoning in dogs include excessive thirst, urination, vomiting and lethargy.
    • The side effects of seizure medications are numerous, including lethargy, cognitive delays, kidney and liver damage and dizziness.

    lifespan keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lifes-pan/ [l.ay1.f.s.p.ae2.n]

    Definition: The length of time for which a person or animal lives or a thing functions:

    Example sentences:

    • As humans lengthened lifespans with better nutrition and hunting skills, childhood also lengthened.

    limber keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lim-ber/ [l.ih1.m.b.er0]

    Definition: to be stretched; easily shaped

    Example sentences:

    • The dancers are attractive, agile, limber and fully equipped for contemporary ballet’s technical demands.

    lithospher keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lithos-pher/ [no ipa available]

    Definition: he rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.

    Example sentences:

    • After new oceanic crust forms, the lithosphere cools and thickens as it moves away from the ocean ridge. An alternative to an active mantle thermal anomaly is greater stretching of the mantle lithosphere than the crust

    live up to keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /live up to/ [no ipa available]

    The definition of “live up to” is to meet the expectations. The collocation​ 'live up to the expectation' is often used. Here are example sentences:

    • The concert was brilliant - it lived up to all our expectations.
    • He never managed to live up to his parents' expectations.
    • The Niagara Falls lived up to all the publicity.
    • Did the holiday live up to your expectations?
    • The breathtakingly beautiful scenery certainly lived up to expectations.

    If someone or something lives up to what they were expected to be, they are as good as they were expected to be. For example

    • My dad will be upset if I don’t live up to the baseball player he used to be. (This means that if the boy isn’t a great baseball player, he won’t meet his father’s expectations of how he should live.)
    • I feel it's impossible to live up to my mother.

     

     

    lobe keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lobe/ [l.ow1.b]

    Definition: Each of the parts of the cerebrum of the brain.

    Example sentences:

    • Lung transplantations may involve two lungs, a single lung, or a lobe of a lung (the lungs are divided into lobes, three in the right lung and two on the left).

    loess keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /loess/ [l.ow1.ah0.s]

    Definition: A loosely compacted yellowish-gray deposit of windblown sediment of which extensive deposits occur, e.g., in eastern China and the American Midwest.

    Example sentences:

    • Many researchers have concluded this sediment is actually loess, or wind-blown silt, which is mixed with some clay and sand.

    longevity keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /longevi-ty/ [l.ao0.n.jh.eh1.v.ah0.t.iy0]

    Definition: Long life

    Example sentences:

    • She's seen many changes to society in her life, and thinks her longevity is due to her faith in God.

    luminesce keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up

    To luminesce is to shine or glow with light. Some types of jellyfish have the uncanny ability to luminesce underwater.

    luminescent keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up

    Things that glow in the dark like light bulbs, are luminescent. Other luminescent things include the stars in the night sky, glow worms, and certain glowing jellyfish and other sea creatures. When a living thing is luminescent, it's a phenomenon called bioluminescence.

    landslide keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /land-slide/ [l.ae1.n.d.s.l.ay2.d]

    Definition: The sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff.

    Example senences:

    • Flooding caused bridges to collapse and landslides are blocking roads to devastated coastal villages.

    larva keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lar-va/ [l.aa1.r.v.ah0]

    Definition: The active immature form of an insect, especially one that differs greatly from the adult and forms the stage between egg and pupa, e.g. a caterpillar or grub

    Example senences:

    • The life cycle of a butterfly includes four stages: egg, caterpillar or larva, pupa, and adult.

     

    lasting keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /last-ing/ [l.ae1.s.t.ih0.ng]

    Definition: forever; without end

    Example sentences:

    • The filmmakers want the movie to have a lasting, consciousness-raising effect, to make people continue to think about their own honesty.
    • He left a lasting impression on the people who heard his inspirational speeches.

    latitude keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lat-i-tude/ [l.ae1.t.ah0.t.uw2.d]

    The position north or south of the equator measured from 0° to 90°.

    The phrase "at these latitudes" is often used. For example:

    • At these latitudes, the sun does not rise at all on winter days.
    lava keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /la-va/ [l.aa1.v.ah0]

    Definition: Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this.

    Example senences:

    • The tuffs and lava were derived from a nearby andesitic volcanic centre

    legitimate keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /le-git-i-mate/ [l.ah0.jh.ih1.t.ah0.m.ah0.t]

    Definition: Conforming to the law or to rules

    Example sentences:

    • They are laws because they are instructions given by a legitimate authority, not because they are backed up by force. He was four times married, and had a large number both of legitimate and illegitimate children.

    lepidoptera keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lep-i-doptera/ [no ipa available]

    Definition: An order of insects that comprises the butterflies and moths. They have four large scale-covered wings that bear distinctive markings, and larvae that are caterpillars.

    Example sentences:

    • The insect order Lepidoptera, with as many as 100,000 species, is second only to the Coleoptera, the beetles.

    lethal keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lethal/ [l.iy1.th.ah0.l]

    Definition: Sufficient to cause death

    Example sentences:

    • The gas acts like mustard gas, and can prove lethal to those with respiratory problems.

    life expectancy keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /life ex-pectan-cy/ [no ipa available]

    Definition: The average period that a person may expect to live

    Example sentences:

    • One in five adults is HIV positive and the average life expectancy at birth is just under 49 years. They are now of an age that exceeds the average life expectancy in the countries where they live.

    likelihood keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /like-li-hood/ [l.ay1.k.l.iy0.hh.uh2.d]

    Definition: The state or fact of something’s being likely; probability

    Example sentences:

    • Young people who can see no likelihood of finding employment.

    literate keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lit-er-ate/ [l.ih1.t.er0.ah0.t]

    as an adjective, literate is used to describe being able to read and write. If you are reading this- you are literate. As a noun, literate is someone who is able to read and write. For example:

    • Only half of the country was literate, which posed problems for development.
    • Only literate applicants may apply.
    litograph keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lito-graph/ [no ipa available]

    A lithograph is a print made from lithography. What is lithography? It is a printmaking technique commonly used when a text is being printed. It can also be used to print onto a stone, or hard materials.

    • The artist was famous for her litographs.

    livelihood keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /liveli-hood/ [l.ay1.v.l.iy0.hh.uh2.d]

    Definition: A means of securing the necessities of life

    Example sentences:

    • In the city people have relied on business to supply jobs to maintain their livelihoods.

    locomotion keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lo-co-mo-tion/ [l.ow2.k.ah0.m.ow1.sh.ah0.n]

    Definition: Movement or the ability to move from one place to another

    Example senences:

    • In salamanders, both swimming and ambulatory locomotion involves lateral body bending. He preferred walking to other forms of locomotion

     

    logical keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /log-i-cal/ [l.aa1.jh.ih0.k.ah0.l]

    Logical describes something that comes from clear reasoning. Using a fire extinguisher to put it out a fire is a logical step. Trying to put it out with gasoline is not. Used in a sentence, “I want to find the most logical way to get from the airport to my hotel.”

    Example sentences using the word logical:

    • Since she helped us before, it's logical to assume that she'll help us again.
    • He seems to be a logical choice for the job.
    • She wasn't able to give me a logical explanation for her behavior.
    • His arguments seemed perfectly logical.

     

    longitude keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lon-gi-tude/ [l.aa1.n.jh.ah0.t.uw2.d]

    The distance of a place east or west of an imaginary line between the North Pole and the SouthPole, measured in degrees.

    luminescence keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up

    When some object gives off light, that light is called luminescence.

    lurk keyboard_arrow_downkeyboard_arrow_up
    /lurk/ [l.er1.k]

    Definition: Be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something

    Example sentences:

    • A grove of crotons became a magical jungle where snakes and other exotic creatures lurked, waiting to pounce.

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