How to Answer IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions
In your IELTS preparation, you'll need to practice a total of 11 IELTS reading question types. In this post, we'll look at the Short Answer IELTS reading question type in detail and provide you with many IELTS reading Short Answer practice questions.
First, join IELTS Instructor Tina below to learn how to approach an IELTS reading Short Answer question. Click either General Training or Academic to watch the associated video lesson.
Table Of Contents
IELTS Reading Short Answer Question Introduction
In this question type, you are asked to locate information in the passage and answer a question in the number of words specified in the instructions, which can range from NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER, ONE WORD ONLY, or NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS. This section requires some attention towards the spelling and number of words and numbers that you write, so be sure to spend time adhering to the instructions. As always, numbers can be written using figures (12) or words (twelve), and will always count as one word. Most times, prepositions and articles (such as 'the' or 'an') are optional. Additionally, unless otherwise stated, answers that are last names are sufficient, but you could also write the first and last names of a person.
The Short Answer question type is almost always used with factual information. In other words, you will probably never have to answer this question with a passage based on the writer's opinions. Similar to other question types in the exam, the answers are most likely going to be in the order of the questions. Lastly, it is a good idea to write your answers in capital letters to ensure precision and consistency.
Below is a sample practice. Give it a try! Remember to click either General Training or Academic based on the IELTS test you are taking or plan to take.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in 1-4 on your answer sheet.
1. You do not want to renew your lease. What must you provide to your landlord in order to terminate the contract?
2. What could be added to the rent of the final month if a contract is not terminated properly?
3. You want to renew your lease. With whom must you schedule a meeting?
4. You have questions regarding contract termination. Who should you contact?
spellcheck Answers1. a written request / written request
2. additional fees
3. Housing Cooperative Board
4. Housing Cooperative President
Read the advertisements below and answer Questions 1-4.
Read the text below and answer Questions 5-8.
Read the text below and answer Questions 9-14.
The following chart displays new recycling regulations in Barmont County and serves as a reference point for residents.
5. a written request / written request - The statement, 'In the event that a tenant does not wish to renew his or her lease in Bradbury Apartments, a written request to terminate the agreement must be received' proves this to be correct.
6. additional fees - The statement, 'If the notice is not received within the necessary timeframe, additional fees may be accrued to the final rent payment.' proves this to be correct.
7. Housing Cooperative Board - The statement, '...should a tenant decide to renew his or her lease, a meeting with the Housing Cooperative Board must be requested…' proves this to be correct. Note that the word 'the' cannot be used as NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS can be written as an answer.
8. Housing Cooperative President - The statement, 'For any questions regarding these processes, contact the Housing Cooperative President at your convenience.' proves this to be correct, since contract terminations would fall into 'any questions regarding these processes'. Note that the word 'the' cannot be used as NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS can be written as an answer.
Now that you're familiar with the Short Answer question type, it's time to teach you some IELTS reading tips & strategies for successfully answering a Short Answer question.
How to Answer Short Answer Questions
1. Read the Questions and Underline Key Words - As the answers are most likely to appear in the text in the same order as the questions,
test takers should pay close attention to the order of questions. Read each statement first in order to get an overview of the theme of the passage, and underline key words in both the question and the answer options.
2. Think About the Missing Words - Once you have successfully understood the information presented in the sentences, think about the type of word that will fit in the gap. Is it a noun, verb, adverb, or adjective? Write a note about what you think it could be next to the gap.
3. Scan the Passage & Skim Read as Necessary - Now that you've read the sentences and you are aware of what type of word could fit in the gap, start scanning the passage based on the underline words. Once you've found a section of the text that looks promising, skim read the section in order understand the information to correctly answer the question.
4. Pay Close Attention and Answer the Questions - Pay attention to the amount of words you need to write, and be sure to write in all capital letters in order to maintain consistency and precision.
What Not To Do:
Do not read the entire passage, and do not read the passage first, as you won't know what you're looking for. As a general rule for the Reading section, it is not necessary and actually time-restrictive to read the entire passage, word for word. Be sure to use the scanning technique, first and foremost, and then the skimming technique as necessary.
Do not misspell or use words incorrectly. This information is included in the passage, so there is not really any excuse to misspell a word. Remember to use the step of "thinking about the missing words" in order to appropriately write a verb, noun, etc.
Here are some brief tips to remember when approaching this question type:
- Read the questions first, underline key words, and scan for information.
- Remember that answers will most likely come in order.
- Remember to think about the parts of speech of the missing word.
- Skip a question if it is difficult and move on. Then, you should be able to better locate the
- answer to a difficult question in the text, since it will most likely be between some of your marked information.
- Write in capital letters to ensure precision.
- Read the entire passage first.
- Make mistakes when it comes to spelling or grammar, or write more words than necessary.
- Miss key words such as "first" or "last".
IELTS Reading Short Answer Practice List
Now it is time to practice! Check out the following Short Answer practice questions.
Academic Reading - Short Answer Questions Practice List
|short answer Practice 1 - 16|
|Practice 1Practice 2Practice 3Practice 4Practice 5Practice 6Practice 7Practice 8Practice 9Practice 10Practice 11Practice 12|
General Reading - Short Answer Questions Practice List
|short answer Practice 1 - 16|
|Practice 1Practice 2Practice 3Practice 4Practice 5Practice 6Practice 7Practice 8Practice 9Practice 10|
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