Academic is done typically for one of three purposes i.e. basic comprehension, pragmatic understanding or connecting and synthesizing information. The best way to increase one’s vocabulary and build listening skills is to actually listen to the English language and read a variety of academic material in English. Listening is found to be most engaging when it is entertaining. Movies, live interviews and television shows are therefore perfect opportunities to hone listening skills especially because they also have visual cues and reinforcements. Just as useful are audiotapes and CDs of other material such as lectures and books.
There are 8 types of questions in the Listening section. These types are divided into 3 categories as follows: Basic Comprehension Questions, Pragmatic Understanding Questions, and Connecting Information Questions. We will take a look at each of the three categories and the TOEFL listening question types associated with each.
There are two formats for the Listening section. On the short format, you will listen to two conversations, two lectures, and two discussions. On the long format, you will listen to three conversations, three lectures, and three discussions. After each listening passage, you will answer five or six questions about it. Only two conversations, two lectures, and two discussions will be graded. Because you will not know which conversations, lectures, and discussions will be graded, you must try to do you best on all of them.