info@bestmytest.com IELTS TOEFL TOEIC
toeic guide

多益閱讀Part5 - 詞類題 - 關於被動式考法

Ron Ross October 12th, 2021

多益閱讀Part5 詞類題中有時候會出現與動詞型態與種類相關的題目,常考的概念有兩種 (一) 被動式考法(在be動詞後接過去分詞 (p.p)) (看多益閱讀Part5 - 文法題 - 關於被動式考法), (二) 在助動詞後面後面填入動詞原型是常見的題目 ,雖然這樣題型不常出現,但是想要把多益考試考好,這樣的文法觀念是一定要弄清楚的, 我們今天來看第一種考法: (一) 被動式考法(在be動詞後接過去分詞 (p.p))

Before a plan is ____, a project analysis should be included in a strategic plan to find out any potential problems.
(a) implement
(b) implemented
(c) implementing
(d) implementation

這題答案是(b),這題是標準的被動式題型考法,我們來分析下:

這題句子用主動方式來寫為
Before we implement a plan, a project analysis should be included in a strategic plan to find out any potential problems.
在這句話裡,「We」為主詞,「plan」為受詞。

當我們用被動式來寫的話呢,句子就變成
Before a plan is implemented by us, a project analysis should be included in a strategic plan to find out any potential problems.

我們發現「us」被挪到了句首,中間連接兩者的動詞形態變成:be 動詞+過去分詞 (p.p.), Plan被挪到句尾,而且前面接了一個 by(意指「被;由」)。通常被動式寫法我們可以省略"by+人"這邊,所以句子就變成
Before a plan is implemented, a project analysis should be included in a strategic plan to find out any potential problems.

簡單來說,要將主動語態變成被動語態,需要:
- 將句中的主詞和受詞位置調換。
- 動詞形式變成 be 動詞+過去分詞 (p.p.)。
- 在動作施做者前加上一個 by。(這部分常常可以省略)

我們再來看看更多類似的考題

The purchaser is ___ by this warranty from all malfunctions of the product due to defects in materials.
(a) projected
(b) protection
(c) protecting
(d) protect

The company has decided that more funds should be_____ to develop a new software management system keeping track of payrolls and inventory.
(a) allocate
(b) allocation
(c) allocated
(d) allocate

這兩題答案分別是(a)與(c) 原本的主動寫法為:
This warranty projects the purchaser from all malfunctions of the product due to defects in materials.
The company has decided to allocate more funds to develop a new software management system keeping track of payrolls and inventory.

 
Looking for IELTS preparation?

Check out our NEW IELTS prep online learning tool called IELTS Tutor.
IELTS Tutor will help you achieve your target score with 1500+ IELTS practice questions.

Try IELTS Tutor Free!

Popular Videos

Check out our YouTube channel for more IELTS preparation videos
BestMyTest on YouTube